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Nonparametric identification in nonseparable panel data models with generalized fixed effects

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  • Hoderlein, Stefan
  • White, Halbert

Abstract

This paper extends the familiar notion of fixed effects to nonlinear structures with infinite-dimensional unobservables, like preferences. The main result is that a generalized version of differencing identifies local average responses (LARs) in nonseparable structures. In contrast to existing results, this does not require either substantial restrictions on functional form or independence between the persistent unobservables and the explanatory variables of interest, and it requires only two time periods. On the other hand, the results are confined to the subpopulation of “stayers” (Chamberlain, 1982), i.e., the population for which the explanatory variables do not change over time. We extend the basic framework to include time trends and dynamics in the explanatory variables, and we show how distributional effects as well as average partial effects are identified. Our approach also allows endogeneity in the transitory unobservables. Furthermore, we show that this new identification principle can be applied to well-known objects like the slope coefficient in the semiparametric panel data binary choice model with fixed effects. Finally, we suggest estimators for the local average response and average partial effect, and we analyze their large- and finite-sample behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoderlein, Stefan & White, Halbert, 2012. "Nonparametric identification in nonseparable panel data models with generalized fixed effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 168(2), pages 300-314.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:168:y:2012:i:2:p:300-314
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2012.01.033
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    1. Yu-Chin Hsu & Ta-Cheng Huang & Haiqing Xu, 2018. "Testing for unobserved heterogeneous treatment effects in a nonseparable model with endogenous selection," Papers 1803.07514, arXiv.org.
    2. Shiu, Ji-Liang & Hu, Yingyao, 2013. "Identification and estimation of nonlinear dynamic panel data models with unobserved covariates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 175(2), pages 116-131.
    3. Irene Botosaru & Chris Muris, 2017. "Binarization for panel models with fixed effects," CeMMAP working papers CWP31/17, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Khan, Shakeeb & Ponomareva, Maria & Tamer, Elie, 2016. "Identification of panel data models with endogenous censoring," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 194(1), pages 57-75.
    5. Ghanem, Dalia, 2017. "Testing identifying assumptions in nonseparable panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 197(2), pages 202-217.
    6. Rosen, Adam M., 2012. "Set identification via quantile restrictions in short panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 166(1), pages 127-137.
    7. Xavier d'Haultfoeuille & Stefan Hoderlein & Yuya Sasaki, 2013. "Nonlinear difference-in-differences in repeated cross sections with continuous treatments," CeMMAP working papers CWP40/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    8. Musolesi Antonio & Mazzanti Massimiliano, 2014. "Nonlinearity, heterogeneity and unobserved effects in the carbon dioxide emissions-economic development relation for advanced countries," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 18(5), pages 1-21, December.
    9. Cizek, P. & Lei, J., 2013. "Identification and Estimation of Nonseparable Single-Index Models in Panel Data with Correlated Random Effects," Discussion Paper 2013-062, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    10. Gao, Yichen & Li, Cong & Liang, Zhongwen, 2015. "Binary response correlated random coefficient panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 188(2), pages 421-434.
    11. Eva Schlenker & Robert Maderitsch, 2015. "Monitoring household liquidity constraints across Europe: a panel approach," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 75-91, March.
    12. Stefan Hoderlein & Yuya Sasaki, 2011. "On the role of time in nonseparable panel data models," CeMMAP working papers CWP15/11, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    13. Chernozhukov, Victor & Fernández-Val, Iván & Hoderlein, Stefan & Holzmann, Hajo & Newey, Whitney, 2015. "Nonparametric identification in panels using quantiles," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 188(2), pages 378-392.
    14. Sasaki, Yuya, 2015. "Heterogeneity and selection in dynamic panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 188(1), pages 236-249.
    15. Juan Rodriguez-Poo & Alexandra Soberón, 2015. "Differencing techniques in semi-parametric panel data varying coefficient models with fixed effects: a Monte Carlo study," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 885-906, September.
    16. Longhi, Christian & Musolesi, Antonio & Baumont, Catherine, 2014. "Modeling structural change in the European metropolitan areas during the process of economic integration," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 395-407.
    17. Brantly Callaway & Tong Li, 2017. "Quantile Treatment Effects in Difference in Differences Models with Panel Data," DETU Working Papers 1701, Department of Economics, Temple University.
    18. Liangjun Su & Stefan Hoderlein & Halbert White, 2013. "Testing Monotonicity in Unobservables with Panel Data," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 892, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 01 Feb 2016.
    19. Lu, Xun & White, Habert, 2015. "Testing For Treatment Dependence Of Effects Of A Continuous Treatment," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 31(05), pages 1016-1053, October.
    20. Tomasz Czekaj & Arne Henningsen, 2013. "Panel Data Specifications in Nonparametric Kernel Regression: An Application to Production Functions," IFRO Working Paper 2013/5, University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics.
    21. Victor Chernozhukov & Ivan Fernandez-Val & Whitney K. Newey, 2017. "Nonseparable multinomial choice models in cross-section and panel data," CeMMAP working papers CWP33/17, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    22. Sylvie Charlot & Riccardo Crescenzi & Antonio Musolesi, 2014. "Augmented and Unconstrained: revisiting the Regional Knowledge Production Function," SEEDS Working Papers 2414, SEEDS, Sustainability Environmental Economics and Dynamics Studies, revised Aug 2014.
    23. Longhi, C. & Musolesi, A. & Baumont, C., 2013. "Modeling the industrial dynamics of the European metropolitan areas during the process of economic integration: a semiparametric approach," Working Papers 2013-10, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).

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