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The ODD protocol: A review and first update

Author

Listed:
  • Grimm, Volker
  • Berger, Uta
  • DeAngelis, Donald L.
  • Polhill, J. Gary
  • Giske, Jarl
  • Railsback, Steven F.

Abstract

The ‘ODD’ (Overview, Design concepts, and Details) protocol was published in 2006 to standardize the published descriptions of individual-based and agent-based models (ABMs). The primary objectives of ODD are to make model descriptions more understandable and complete, thereby making ABMs less subject to criticism for being irreproducible. We have systematically evaluated existing uses of the ODD protocol and identified, as expected, parts of ODD needing improvement and clarification. Accordingly, we revise the definition of ODD to clarify aspects of the original version and thereby facilitate future standardization of ABM descriptions. We discuss frequently raised critiques in ODD but also two emerging, and unanticipated, benefits: ODD improves the rigorous formulation of models and helps make the theoretical foundations of large models more visible. Although the protocol was designed for ABMs, it can help with documenting any large, complex model, alleviating some general objections against such models.

Suggested Citation

  • Grimm, Volker & Berger, Uta & DeAngelis, Donald L. & Polhill, J. Gary & Giske, Jarl & Railsback, Steven F., 2010. "The ODD protocol: A review and first update," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 221(23), pages 2760-2768.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecomod:v:221:y:2010:i:23:p:2760-2768
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.08.019
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Nelson Minar & Rogert Burkhart & Chris Langton & Manor Askenazi, 1996. "The Swarm Simulation System: A Toolkit for Building Multi-Agent Simulations," Working Papers 96-06-042, Santa Fe Institute.
    2. Caron-Lormier, Geoffrey & Humphry, Roger W. & Bohan, David A. & Hawes, Cathy & Thorbek, Pernille, 2008. "Asynchronous and synchronous updating in individual-based models," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 212(3), pages 522-527.
    3. Marco A. Janssen & Lilian N. Alessa & Michael Barton & Sean Bergin & Allen Lee, 2008. "Towards a Community Framework for Agent-Based Modelling," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 11(2), pages 1-6.
    4. J. Gareth Polhill & Dawn C. Parker & Daniel Brown & Volker Grimm, 2008. "Using the ODD Protocol for Describing Three Agent-Based Social Simulation Models of Land-Use Change," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 11(2), pages 1-3.
    5. Hellweger, Ferdi L. & Bucci, Vanni, 2009. "A bunch of tiny individuals—Individual-based modeling for microbes," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 220(1), pages 8-22.
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