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International factor mobility, informal interest rate and capital market imperfection: A general equilibrium analysis

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  • Chaudhuri, Sarbajit
  • Gupta, Manash Ranjan

Abstract

This paper makes an attempt to provide a theory of determination of interest rate in the informal credit market in a less developed economy in terms of a three-sector static deterministic general equilibrium model. There are two informal sectors which obtain production loans from a monopolistic moneylender and employ labour from the informal labour market. On the other hand, the formal sector employs labour at an institutionally fixed wage rate and takes loans from the competitive formal credit market. We show that an inflow of foreign capital and/or an emigration of labour raises (lowers) the informal (formal) interest rate but lowers the competitive wage rate in the informal labour market when the informal manufacturing sector is more capital-intensive vis-à-vis the informal agricultural sector. International factor mobility, therefore, raises the degrees of distortions in both the factor markets in this case.

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  • Chaudhuri, Sarbajit & Gupta, Manash Ranjan, 2014. "International factor mobility, informal interest rate and capital market imperfection: A general equilibrium analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 184-192.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:37:y:2014:i:c:p:184-192
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2013.09.034
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    Cited by:

    1. Sarbajit Chaudhuri & Arnab Ghosh & Sattiki Deb, 2018. "Foreign Direct Investment and Rural Farm and Nonfarm Sectors in a Developing Economy," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 16(3), pages 787-810, September.
    2. Chaudhuri, Sarbajit & Biswas, Anindya, 2016. "Endogenous labour market imperfection, foreign direct investment and external terms-of-trade shocks in a developing economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 416-424.
    3. Somasree Poddar & Sarbajit Chaudhuri, 2016. "Economic Reforms and Gender-Based Wage Inequality in the Presence of Factor Market Distortions," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 14(2), pages 301-321, December.
    4. Anwar, Sajid & Sun, Sizhong, 2015. "Taxation of labour income and the skilled–unskilled wage inequality," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 18-22.
    5. Yunyun Wu & Xiaochun Li, 0. "International factor mobility and environment in a dual agricultural economy," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 0, pages 1-15.
    6. Yunyun Wu & Xiaochun Li, 2021. "International factor mobility and environment in a dual agricultural economy," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 66(1), pages 75-89, February.
    7. Pi, Jiancai & Chen, Xuyang, 2016. "The impacts of capital market distortion on wage inequality, urban unemployment, and welfare in developing countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 103-115.
    8. Soumyatanu Mukherjee, 2016. "Tariffs, FDI with technology transfer and welfare in segmented factor markets," Working papers 190, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informal credit; Formal credit; Moneylender; Foreign capital; Emigration; General equilibrium;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D42 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Monopoly
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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