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The Relationship Between Immigration and Unemployment: The Case of France


  • Vincent Fromentin

    () (Université Nancy 2 / CEREFIGE, Pôle Lorrain de Gestion, 13, rue Maréchal Ney, 54 000 Nancy, France)


This paper examines the relationship between immigration, the labor market and economic development in France. Using a system of equations for unemployment, immigration, wage and gross domestic product, the estimation of a cointegration relationship shows there is no observed increase in aggregate unemployment due to immigration in the long run. The vector error correction model indicates that immigration influence negatively unemployment and past immigration has a smaller impact on increasing wages in the short run. Despite institutional differences, migration flows have weak (positive) effects on employment in the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Fromentin, 2013. "The Relationship Between Immigration and Unemployment: The Case of France," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 51-66, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecanpo:v:43:y:2013:i:1:p:51-66

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    Cited by:

    1. Rümeysa ÇELİK & Irmak ARSLAN, 0. "Göç ve İşsizlik Arasındaki İlişki: Ampirik Bir Uygulama," Journal of Social Policy Conferences, Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 0(74), pages 65-75.
    2. Khosla, Pooja, 2018. "Wait time for permanent residency and the retention of immigrant doctoral recipients in the U.S," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 33-43.
    3. Enrique Camacho-Beltrán, 2019. "Legitimate Exclusion of Would-Be Immigrants: A View from Global Ethics and the Ethics of International Relations," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-19, August.
    4. Vincent Fromentin & Olivier Damette & Benteng Zou, 2017. "The Global Economic Crisis and The Effect of Immigrant Workers on Native-born Employment in Europe," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(6), pages 1068-1088, June.
    5. Gindra Kasnauskiene & Loreta Vebraite, 2014. "The Impact of Migration on Lithuanian Economy in an Ageing Society Context," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 0802257, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.

    More about this item


    international migration; unemployment; wages; economic development; cointegration;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development


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