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Racial disparity in risk factors for substantiation of child maltreatment

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  • Cheng, Tyrone C.
  • Lo, Celia C.

Abstract

This study examined racial disparity in impacts that welfare use, substance abuse, depression, and intimate partner violence (IPV) make on substantiation of reported child maltreatment. A sample of 1493 African Americans, 848 Hispanics, and 2144 Whites was employed, extracted from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Logistic regression results indicated that each ethnic subsample had a distinct set of significant risk factors for substantiation. For the African American subsample, relatively long periods spent receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reduced likelihood of substantiation, as did caregivers' alcohol dependence. For the Hispanic subsample, TANF receipt lowered substantiation's likelihood, while caregivers' drug use raised its likelihood. For the White subsample, caregivers' TANF receipt and substance abuse showed no significant impact. No subsample's substantiation likelihood appeared significantly affected by depression or IPV. Implications for services are suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Cheng, Tyrone C. & Lo, Celia C., 2013. "Racial disparity in risk factors for substantiation of child maltreatment," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 1962-1969.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:35:y:2013:i:12:p:1962-1969
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.09.016
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Beimers, David & Coulton, Claudia J., 2011. "Do employment and type of exit influence child maltreatment among families leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1112-1119, July.
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    6. Cheng, Tyrone C., 2010. "Factors associated with reunification: A longitudinal analysis of long-term foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1311-1316, October.
    7. Dettlaff, Alan J. & Rivaux, Stephanie L. & Baumann, Donald J. & Fluke, John D. & Rycraft, Joan R. & James, Joyce, 2011. "Disentangling substantiation: The influence of race, income, and risk on the substantiation decision in child welfare," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1630-1637, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cheng, Tyrone C. & Lo, Celia C., 2020. "Mental health services receipt among caregivers in the child welfare system: A longitudinal analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
    2. Sarri, Rosemary C. & Stoffregen, Elizabeth & Ryan, Joseph P., 2016. "Running away from child welfare placements: Justice system entry risk," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 191-197.
    3. Cheng, Tyrone C. & Lo, Celia C., 2020. "Receipt of substance-use services by caregivers involved in the child-welfare system," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    4. Geoff Debelle & Nikolaos Efstathiou & Rafiyah Khan & Annette Williamson & Manjit Summan & Julie Taylor, 2022. "The Typology and Topography of Child Abuse and Neglect: The Experience of a Tertiary Children’s Centre," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(13), pages 1-17, July.
    5. Kahn, Nicholas E. & Hansen, Mary Eschelbach, 2017. "Measuring racial disparities in foster care placement: A case study of Texas," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 213-226.
    6. Stoddart, J.K. & Fallon, B. & Trocmé, N. & Fluke, J., 2018. "Substantiated Child Maltreatment: Which factors do workers focus on when making this critical decision?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 1-8.

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