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Did PRWORA's mandatory school attendance policy increase attendance among targeted teenage girls?

  • Kim, Jeounghee
  • Joo, Myungkook
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    The purpose of this paper was to examine if the school-attendance requirement of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) significantly increased attendance among the teenage girls that the policy targeted. This study applied difference-in-difference and difference-in-difference-in-difference methods to 12Â years of cross-sectional data from the October Supplement of the Current Population Survey while isolating the effects of PRWORA from the effects of other factors that might have influenced the target population's school attendance. The findings indicated that PRWORA, overall, did not have significant positive impacts on school attendance; rather, the policy was associated with a small but significant reduction in school attendance of U.S.-born disadvantaged teenage girls between 1996 through 1999 and essentially no effects on the target population thereafter.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740911001125
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Children and Youth Services Review.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 9 (September)
    Pages: 1616-1623

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:33:y:2011:i:9:p:1616-1623
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/childyouth

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    1. Robert Kaestner & Sanders Korenman & June O'Neill, 2003. "Has welfare reform changed teenage behaviors?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(2), pages 225-248.
    2. Wood, Robert G. & Bloom, Dan & Fellerath, Veronica & Long, David, 1995. "Encouraging school enrollment and attendance among teenage parents on welfare: Early impacts of Ohio's LEAP program," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1-2), pages 277-307.
    3. Paul Offner, 2005. "Welfare Reform and Teenage Girls," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 86(2), pages 306-322.
    4. James J. Heckman & Paul A. LaFontaine, 2008. "The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends And Levels," Working Papers 200828, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    5. Neeraj Kaushal & Qin Gao & Jane Waldfogel, 2006. "Welfare Reform and Family Expenditures: How are Single Mothers Adapting to the New Welfare and Work Regime?," NBER Working Papers 12624, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Julian R. Betts & Laurel L. McFarland, 1995. "Safe Port in a Storm: The Impact of Labor Market Conditions on Community College Enrollments," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(4), pages 741-765.
    7. Lingxin Hao & Nan M. Astone & Andrew J. Cherlin, 2004. "Adolescents' formal employment and school enrollment: Effects of state welfare policies," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(4), pages 697-721.
    8. Dhaval M. Dave & Nancy E. Reichman & Hope Corman, 2008. "Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Acquisition of Young Adult Women," NBER Working Papers 14466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Heather Koball, 2007. "Living Arrangements and School Dropout Among Minor Mothers Following Welfare Reform," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 88(5), pages 1374-1391.
    10. Thomas S. Dee & Brian A. Jacob, 2006. "Do High School Exit Exams Influence Educational Attainment or Labor Market Performance?," NBER Working Papers 12199, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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