Fiscal policy, economic activity and welfare: the case of Greece
This paper examines how changes in different fiscal (tax-spending) policy instruments affect economic activity and social welfare in the Greek economy. The setup is a neoclassical growth model augmented with a public sector. The government's spending instruments include public consumption, investment and lump-sum transfers; on the revenue side, labour, capital and consumption taxes are employed. The results suggest that changes in the tax rates on labour and capital income have quantitatively significant effects on key macroeconomic variables, as well as on social welfare. When financed by distorting taxes, increases in government consumption hurt both output and welfare. To the contrary, a rise in public investment, when financed by consumption or labour income taxes, can stimulate the economy and increase welfare in the long run.
Volume (Year): 31 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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- Ardagna, Silvia, 2001. "Fiscal Policy Composition, Public Debt, and Economic Activity," Scholarly Articles 2579823, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Kevin J. Lansing, 1998. "Optimal Fiscal Policy in a Business Cycle Model with Public Capital," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(2), pages 337-364, May.
- Forni, Lorenzo & Gerali, Andrea & Pisani, Massimiliano, 2010. "The macroeconomics of fiscal consolidations in euro area countries," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1791-1812, September.
- Kollintzas, Tryphon & Vassilatos, Vanghelis, 2000. "A small open economy model with transaction costs in foreign capital," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(8), pages 1515-1541, August.
- Dimitris Papageorgiou, 2009. "Macroeconomic Implications of Alternative Tax Regimes: The Case of Greece," Working Papers 97, Bank of Greece.
- Malley, Jim & Philippopoulos, Apostolis & Woitek, Ulrich, 2009. "To react or not? Technology shocks, fiscal policy and welfare in the EU-3," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(6), pages 689-714, August.
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