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Volatility of Remittances to Pakistan: What do the Data Tell?

Author

Listed:
  • Mazhar Yasin mughal

    () (CATT Université de Pau et des Pays de l''Adour, France)

  • Farid Makhlouf

    () (CATT Université de Pau et des Pays de l''Adour, France)

Abstract

This paper examines the volatility of remittance flows to Pakistan using the ARCH model. We find overall remittances to be stable, whereas those from the Middle East and North America are relatively volatile, owing to fluctuations in the output of the host economies and the migrants' profile. Remittances from Europe are the least volatile and do not vary as a result of shocks to the host or home economy. Remittances to Pakistan, especially those from Europe, can thus be used as a stable source of foreign exchange flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Mazhar Yasin mughal & Farid Makhlouf, 2011. "Volatility of Remittances to Pakistan: What do the Data Tell?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(1), pages 605-612.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-10-00500
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bugamelli, Matteo & Paternò, Francesco, 2009. "Do Workers' Remittances Reduce the Probability of Current Account Reversals?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 1821-1838, December.
    2. Barassou Diawara & Mazhar Yasin Mughal, 2010. "Does every dollar count? Macro and micro evidence of remittances' impact on poverty and inequality in Pakistan," Post-Print hal-01881840, HAL.
    3. Farid Makhlouf & Mazhar Yasin Mughal, 2010. "Remittances and Dutch disease in Pakistan: A Bayesian approach," Post-Print hal-01881847, HAL.
    4. Robert Engle, 2001. "GARCH 101: The Use of ARCH/GARCH Models in Applied Econometrics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 157-168, Fall.
    5. Engle, Robert F, 1982. "Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity with Estimates of the Variance of United Kingdom Inflation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 987-1007, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jawad, Muhammad & Qayyum, Abdul, 2015. "Modelling the Impact of Policy Environment on Inflows of Worker’s Remittances in Pakistan: A Multivariate Analysis," MPRA Paper 85497, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Ahmed, Junaid & Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2015. "Do transfer costs matter for foreign remittances? A gravity model approach," Economics Discussion Papers 2015-12, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    3. Farid Makhlouf & Mazhar Mughal, 2013. "Remittances, Dutch Disease, And Competitiveness: A Bayesian Analysis," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 38(2), pages 67-97, June.
    4. Ahmed, Junaid & Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2014. "What drives bilateral remittances to Pakistan? A gravity model approach," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 209, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    5. Florent DEISTING & Farid MAKHLOUF & Groupe ESC Pau & Adil NAAMANE, 2011. "Développement financier, flux financiers et croissance économique," Working Papers 1504, Groupe ESC Pau, Research Department, revised Dec 2011.
    6. Farid Farid, 2014. "The impact of exchange rate policy on remittances in Morocco: A Threshold VAR analysis," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(4), pages 2351-2360.
    7. Farid Makhlouf, 2014. "Propriétés cycliques des transferts de fonds des migrants marocains," Working Papers hal-01885146, HAL.
    8. Khaled Chnaina & Farid Makhlouf, 2015. "Impact des Transferts de Fonds sur le Taux de Change Réel Effectif en Tunisie," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 27(2), pages 145-160, June.
    9. Mazhar Y. Mughal & Junaid Ahmed, 2014. "Remittances and Business Cycles: Comparison of South Asian Countries," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 513-541, December.
    10. Farid Makhlouf & Mazhar Yasin Mughal, 2013. "Remittances, Dutch Disease, and Competitiveness: a Bayesian Analysis," Post-Print hal-01884858, HAL.
    11. Amar Iqbal Anwar & Mazhar Yaseen Mughal, 2012. "Motives to remit: some microeconomic evidence from Pakistan," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(1), pages 574-585.
    12. Amar Iqbal Anwar & Mazhar Yasin Mughal, 2013. "Foreign Financial Flows and Terrorism In Developing Countries," Working Papers hal-01885149, HAL.
    13. Ahmed, Junaid & Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2013. "Blessing or curse: The stabilizing role of remittances, foreign aid and FDI to Pakistan," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 153, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    14. KHURSHID, Adnan & KEDONG, Yin & CĂLIN, Adrian Cantemir & POPOVICI, Oana Cristina, 2017. "A Note On The Relationship Linking Remittances And Financial Development In Pakistan," Studii Financiare (Financial Studies), Centre of Financial and Monetary Research "Victor Slavescu", vol. 21(4), pages 6-26.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remittances; Volatility; ARCH; Pakistan;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies

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