IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Les options sur actions:création de richesse pour les actionnaires ou enrichissement des dirigeants au détriment des actionnaires?


  • Michel Magnan

    () (Université Concordia (Canada))


(VF)Pour l’essentiel, l’argumentation sous-tendant l’utilisation des options met en avant leur rôle dans le rapprochement des intérêts des dirigeants et des actionnaires. Les premières études empiriques sur la question confortent cet argument en montrant un lien positif entre l’adoption de régimes d’options et la performance de l’entreprise. Toutefois, des constats plus récents remettent en cause plusieurs postulats sous-tendant l’efficacité présumée des options en raison, notamment, de la possibilité qu’ont les dirigeants de manipuler, directement ou indirectement, le cours boursier. Cette marge discrétionnaire qu’ont les dirigeants dans leurs communications avec les investisseurs semble avoir été utilisée aux dépens des actionnaires dans plusieurs cas. Enfin, nous présentons nos conclusions et recommandations.(VA)The most often used rationale to justify the use of stock options is that they help align managerial interests with those of stockholders. Early results on the issue of stock options effectiveness were generally consistent with the view that stock options’ use and adoption led to improvements in firm performance. However, most recent results cast a shadow on the validity of these findings. More specifically, there is emerging evidence that in many firms, managers used their discretionary power to manipulate disclosure and financial reporting to unduly manipulate their firm’s stock price. Cases of companies that engaged into these unethical practices are reviewed and discussed. I conclude with some recommendations regarding the use and management of stock option plans.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Magnan, 2006. "Les options sur actions:création de richesse pour les actionnaires ou enrichissement des dirigeants au détriment des actionnaires?," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie,, vol. 9(3), pages 221-235, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q3:p:221-235

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Timothy Fogarty & Michel Magnan & Garen Markarian & Serge Bohdjalian, 2009. "Inside Agency: The Rise and Fall of Nortel," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 84(2), pages 165-187, January.
    2. Yermack, David, 1997. " Good Timing: CEO Stock Option Awards and Company News Announcements," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(2), pages 449-476, June.
    3. Hanlon, Michelle & Rajgopal, Shivaram & Shevlin, Terry, 2003. "Are executive stock options associated with future earnings?," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-3), pages 3-43, December.
    4. Stephen O'Byrne & David Young, 2005. "Top Management Incentives and Corporate Performance," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 17(4), pages 105-114.
    5. Rajgopal, Shivaram & Shevlin, Terry, 2002. "Empirical evidence on the relation between stock option compensation and risk taking," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 145-171, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Michel Magnan, 2009. "Fair Value Accounting and the Financial Crisis: Messenger or Contributor?," CIRANO Working Papers 2009s-27, CIRANO.
    2. Robert Amzallag & Michel Magnan & Bryan Campbell, 2009. "A Banker's Perspective on the Financial Crisis," CIRANO Burgundy Reports 2009rb-02, CIRANO.

    More about this item


    options sur actions; rémunération; dirigeants; gouvernance; performance; reporting; stock options; executive compensation; governance; organizational performance; corporate disclosure and reporting.;

    JEL classification:

    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility
    • M52 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q3:p:221-235. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gérard Charreaux). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.