IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/dij/revfcs/v9y2006iq3p221-235.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Les options sur actions:création de richesse pour les actionnaires ou enrichissement des dirigeants au détriment des actionnaires?

Author

Listed:
  • Michel Magnan

    (Université Concordia (Canada))

Abstract

(VF)Pour l’essentiel, l’argumentation sous-tendant l’utilisation des options met en avant leur rôle dans le rapprochement des intérêts des dirigeants et des actionnaires. Les premières études empiriques sur la question confortent cet argument en montrant un lien positif entre l’adoption de régimes d’options et la performance de l’entreprise. Toutefois, des constats plus récents remettent en cause plusieurs postulats sous-tendant l’efficacité présumée des options en raison, notamment, de la possibilité qu’ont les dirigeants de manipuler, directement ou indirectement, le cours boursier. Cette marge discrétionnaire qu’ont les dirigeants dans leurs communications avec les investisseurs semble avoir été utilisée aux dépens des actionnaires dans plusieurs cas. Enfin, nous présentons nos conclusions et recommandations.(VA)The most often used rationale to justify the use of stock options is that they help align managerial interests with those of stockholders. Early results on the issue of stock options effectiveness were generally consistent with the view that stock options’ use and adoption led to improvements in firm performance. However, most recent results cast a shadow on the validity of these findings. More specifically, there is emerging evidence that in many firms, managers used their discretionary power to manipulate disclosure and financial reporting to unduly manipulate their firm’s stock price. Cases of companies that engaged into these unethical practices are reviewed and discussed. I conclude with some recommendations regarding the use and management of stock option plans.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Magnan, 2006. "Les options sur actions:création de richesse pour les actionnaires ou enrichissement des dirigeants au détriment des actionnaires?," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 9(3), pages 221-235, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q3:p:221-235
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://crego.u-bourgogne.fr/images/stories/rev/093235.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yermack, David, 1997. "Good Timing: CEO Stock Option Awards and Company News Announcements," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(2), pages 449-476, June.
    2. Rajgopal, Shivaram & Shevlin, Terry, 2002. "Empirical evidence on the relation between stock option compensation and risk taking," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 145-171, June.
    3. Timothy Fogarty & Michel Magnan & Garen Markarian & Serge Bohdjalian, 2009. "Inside Agency: The Rise and Fall of Nortel," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 84(2), pages 165-187, January.
    4. Stephen O'Byrne & David Young, 2005. "Top Management Incentives and Corporate Performance," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 17(4), pages 105-114, September.
    5. Hanlon, Michelle & Rajgopal, Shivaram & Shevlin, Terry, 2003. "Are executive stock options associated with future earnings?," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-3), pages 3-43, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Michel Magnan, 2009. "Fair Value Accounting and the Financial Crisis: Messenger or Contributor?," CIRANO Working Papers 2009s-27, CIRANO.
    2. Michel L. Magnan, 2009. "Fair Value Accounting and the Financial Crisis: Messenger or Contributor?," Accounting Perspectives, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 8(3), pages 189-213, August.
    3. Robert Amzallag & Michel Magnan & Bryan Campbell, 2009. "A Banker's Perspective on the Financial Crisis," CIRANO Burgundy Reports 2009rb-02, CIRANO.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. repec:mth:ijafr8:v:8:y:2018:i:2:p:1-25 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ren, Siewan & Wright, Anna & Wyatt, Anne, 2012. "Stock option use by Australian IPOs," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 1-22.
    3. Kiridaran Kanagaretnam & Gerald Lobo & Robert Mathieu, 2012. "CEO stock options and analysts’ forecast accuracy and bias," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 299-322, April.
    4. Jing Zhang & Jieun Chung, 2018. "Does geographical location matter for managerial compensation design?," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 42(1), pages 1-32, January.
    5. Kuo, Chii-Shyan & Li, Ming-Yuan Leon & Yu, Shang-En, 2013. "Non-uniform effects of CEO equity-based compensation on firm performance – An application of a panel threshold regression model," The British Accounting Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 203-214.
    6. Hussein Abdoh & Yu Liu, 2021. "Executive risk incentives, product market competition, and R&D," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 56(1), pages 133-156, February.
    7. Kenneth Shaw, 2012. "CEO incentives and the cost of debt," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 323-346, April.
    8. Muurling, Rutger & Lehnert, Thorsten, 2004. "Option-based compensation: a survey," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 365-401.
    9. Matolcsy, Zoltan & Shan, Yaowen & Seethamraju, Vinay, 2012. "The timing of changes in CEO compensation from cash bonus to equity-based compensation: Determinants and performance consequences," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 78-91.
    10. Hutchinson, Marion & A Gul, Ferdinand, 2006. "The effects of executive share options and investment opportunities on firms’ accounting performance: Some Australian evidence," The British Accounting Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 277-297.
    11. Ingolf Dittmann & Ernst Maug, 2007. "Lower Salaries and No Options? On the Optimal Structure of Executive Pay," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 62(1), pages 303-343, February.
    12. Mark Bauman & Kenneth Shaw, 2006. "Stock option compensation and the likelihood of meeting analysts' quarterly earnings targets," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 301-319, May.
    13. Chen, Yenn-Ru & Lee, Bong Soo, 2010. "A dynamic analysis of executive stock options: Determinants and consequences," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 88-103, February.
    14. Chalmers, Keryn & Koh, Ping-Sheng & Stapledon, Geof, 2006. "The determinants of CEO compensation: Rent extraction or labour demand?," The British Accounting Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 259-275.
    15. Mónica Melle, 2005. "¿Cómo valora el mercado de valores español la adopción de planes de opciones sobre acciones para directivos y consejeros?," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 29(1), pages 73-115, January.
    16. Goergen, Marc & Renneboog, Luc, 2011. "Managerial compensation," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 1068-1077, September.
    17. Fayez A. Elayan & Jingyu Li & Thomas O. Meyer, 2008. "Accounting irregularities, management compensation structure and information asymmetry," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 48(5), pages 741-760, December.
    18. Hamza Bahaji, 2011. "Incentives from stock option grants: a behavioral approach," Post-Print halshs-00681611, HAL.
    19. Simona Catuogno & Sara Saggese & Fabrizia Sarto & Riccardo Viganò, 2016. "Shedding light on the aim of stock options: a literature review," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 20(2), pages 387-411, June.
    20. Cristina Vespro, 2008. "Essays on understanding financial architecture," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/210588, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    21. Derek Johnston, 2006. "Managing Stock Option Expense: The Manipulation of Option†Pricing Model Assumptions," Contemporary Accounting Research, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 23(2), pages 395-425, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    options sur actions; rémunération; dirigeants; gouvernance; performance; reporting; stock options; executive compensation; governance; organizational performance; corporate disclosure and reporting.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility
    • M52 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:9:y:2006:i:q3:p:221-235. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://www.revues.org/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Gérard Charreaux (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.revues.org/ .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.