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The residential segregation of the American Indian and Alaska Native population in US metropolitan and micropolitan areas, 2010


  • Jack Byerly

    (Pennsylvania State University)


Background: Racial/ethnic residential segregation has been studied extensively, but few studies have focused on the growing population of American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs). An examination of the group’s residential patterns will contribute to an understanding of the social position of AIANs and the overall pattern of racial/ethnic residential segregation in the United States. Objective: What is the average level of residential segregation in 2010 across metropolitan and micropolitan areas with a substantial AIAN presence? What are the most and least segregated areas for this group? What are the causes and correlates of residential segregation for this group? Methods: I use the index of dissimilarity to measure the residential segregation of single-race and multiracial AIANs from non-Hispanic whites in 264 metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, using data from the 2010 census. I also use data from the 2010 census and the 2006–2010 American Community Survey to estimate OLS regression models examining the possible causes and correlates of segregation levels across metropolitan and micropolitan areas. Results: The index of dissimilarity for single-race AIANs is 31.8, while for multiracial AIANs it is 23.6. For both single-race and multiracial AIANs, higher segregation levels are found in metropolitan areas with larger populations, a higher proportion of AIANs, more female-headed households, and a lower relative education level for AIANs. Conclusions: Relative to other racial/ethnic groups, AIANs – especially multiracial AIANs – experience low levels of residential segregation from non-Hispanic whites. Contribution: This is the first study that reports and examines residential segregation levels for AIANs using 2010 census data.

Suggested Citation

  • Jack Byerly, 2019. "The residential segregation of the American Indian and Alaska Native population in US metropolitan and micropolitan areas, 2010," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 40(33), pages 963-974.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:40:y:2019:i:33
    DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2019.40.33

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel Lichter & Domenico Parisi & Steven Grice & Michael Taquino, 2007. "National estimates of racial segregation in rural and small-town America," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 44(3), pages 563-581, August.
    2. Rima Wilkes & John Iceland, 2004. "Hypersegregation in the twenty-first century," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 41(1), pages 23-36, February.
    3. Carolyn A. Liebler & Renuka Bhaskar & Sonya R. Porter (née Rastogi), 2016. "Joining, Leaving, and Staying in the American Indian/Alaska Native Race Category Between 2000 and 2010," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 53(2), pages 507-540, April.
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    More about this item


    residential segregation; American Indian; Alaska Natives;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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