Demographic responses to short-term stress in a 19th century Tuscan population: The case of household out-migration
This paper deals with the relationship between household emigration and short-term crisis in a rural community of mid-19th century Tuscany. Based on a detailed reconstruction of individual and household life-histories, the paper shows the close relationship between household emigration and different kinds of short-term stresses, either economic, epidemiologic or within the household. Despite the different response by SES - with the poorest strata of the population much exposed to price changes and mortality crisis - the death of the household head appears as one of the most powerful factor of household emigration.
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- Bengtsson, Tommy & Broström, Göran, 2009. "Do conditions in early life affect old-age mortality directly and indirectly? Evidence from 19th-century rural Sweden," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 68(9), pages 1583-1590, May.
- Dennis Hogan & David Kertzer, 1985. "Migration Patterns During Italian Urbanization, 1865-1921," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 22(3), pages 309-325, August.
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