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Demographic responses to short-term stress in a 19th century Tuscan population: The case of household out-migration

Author

Listed:
  • Marco Breschi

    (Università degli Studi di Sassari (UniSS))

  • Alessio Fornasin

    (Università degli Studi di Udine)

  • Matteo Manfredini

    (Università degli Studi di Parma (UNIPR))

Abstract

This paper deals with the relationship between household emigration and short-term crisis in a rural community of mid-19th century Tuscany. Based on a detailed reconstruction of individual and household life-histories, the paper shows the close relationship between household emigration and different kinds of short-term stresses, either economic, epidemiologic or within the household. Despite the different response by SES - with the poorest strata of the population much exposed to price changes and mortality crisis - the death of the household head appears as one of the most powerful factor of household emigration.

Suggested Citation

  • Marco Breschi & Alessio Fornasin & Matteo Manfredini, 2011. "Demographic responses to short-term stress in a 19th century Tuscan population: The case of household out-migration," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 25(15), pages 491-512, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:25:y:2011:i:15
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    File URL: https://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol25/15/25-15.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bengtsson, Tommy & Broström, Göran, 2009. "Do conditions in early life affect old-age mortality directly and indirectly? Evidence from 19th-century rural Sweden," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 68(9), pages 1583-1590, May.
    2. Dennis Hogan & David Kertzer, 1985. "Migration Patterns During Italian Urbanization, 1865-1921," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 22(3), pages 309-325, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Sarah Walters, 2016. "Counting Souls," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 34(3), pages 63-108, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    emigration; household; Italy; sharecropping; short-term stress;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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