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Shelter From The Storm: Housing And The Industrial Revolution, 1550–1909

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  • Clark, Gregory

Abstract

Housing was a major item of English consumer expenditure. Yet little is known of its average quality or rental cost. I estimate average rents, constant-quality rents, and housing quality from 1550 to 1909. Constant-quality rents rose substantially relative to other costs of living during the Industrial Revolution. This probably explains why, despite rising real wages, housing quality appears to have declined from 1760 to 1860. There were, however, substantial quality gains in the eighteenth century prior to the Industrial Revolution. The implications of these new series for measurement of growth during the Industrial Revolution are briefly explored.

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  • Clark, Gregory, 2002. "Shelter From The Storm: Housing And The Industrial Revolution, 1550–1909," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 62(2), pages 489-511, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:62:y:2002:i:02:p:489-511_00
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    Cited by:

    1. Konstantin A. Kholodilin & Leonid E. Limonov & Sofie R. Waltl, 2019. "Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880-1917)," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp279, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    2. Clark, Gregory & Hamilton, Gillian, 2006. "Survival of the Richest: The Malthusian Mechanism in Pre-Industrial England," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 66(03), pages 707-736, September.
    3. Eichholtz, Piet & Straetmans, Stefan & Theebe, Marcel, 2012. "The Amsterdam rent index: The housing market and the economy, 1550–1850," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 269-282.
    4. Kholodilin, Konstantin A., 2016. "War, Housing Rents, and Free Market: Berlin's Rental Housing during World War I," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 322-344.
    5. Carolin Schmidt, 2018. "Home is where the health is: Housing and adult height from the late 19th to the mid-20th centuries," ERES eres2018_33, European Real Estate Society (ERES).
    6. Gregory Clark, 2006. "What made Britannia great? Did the Industrial Revolution make Britain a World Power?," Working Papers 618, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
    7. Gray, Rowena, 2018. "Selection bias in historical housing data," QUCEH Working Paper Series 2018-01, Queen's University Belfast, Queen's University Centre for Economic History.
    8. Clark, Gregory & Hamilton, Gillian, 2006. "Survival of the Richest: The Malthusian Mechanism in Pre-Industrial England," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 66(3), pages 707-736, September.
    9. Gregory Clark, 2006. "What made Britannia great? Did the Industrial Revolution make Britain a World Power?," Working Papers 104, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
    10. Gregory Clark, 2009. "The Macroeconomic Aggregates for England, 1209-2008," Working Papers 295, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.

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