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Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880-1917)

Author

Listed:
  • Konstantin A. Kholodilin

    (DIW Berlin and Leontief Centre)

  • Leonid E. Limonov

    (National Research University - Higher School of Economics and Leontief Centre)

  • Sofie R. Waltl

    (Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research and Vienna University of Economics and Business - Department of Economics)

Abstract

This article studies the evolution of housing rents in St. Petersburg between 1880 and 1917 covering an eventful period of Russian and world history. We collect and digitize over 5,000 rental advertisements from historic newspapers, which we use together with geo-coded addresses and detailed structural characteristics to construct a quality-adjusted rent price index in continuous time. We provide the first pre-war and pre-Soviet index based on market data for any Russian housing market. In 1915, one of the world’s earliest rent control and tenant protection policies was introduced as a response to soaring prices following the outbreak of World War I. We analyze the impact of this policy: while before the regulation rents were increasing at a similar rapid pace as other consumer prices, the policy reversed this trend. We find evidence for official compliance with the policy, document a rise in tenure duration and strongly increased rent affordability among workers after the introduction of the policy. We conclude that the immediate prelude to the October Revolution was indeed characterized by economic turmoil, but rent affordability and rising rents were no longer the prevailing problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantin A. Kholodilin & Leonid E. Limonov & Sofie R. Waltl, 2019. "Housing Rent Dynamics and Rent Regulation in St. Petersburg (1880-1917)," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp279, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp279
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    1. Anja M. Hahn & Konstantin A. Kholodilin & Sofie R. Waltl, 2020. "Forward to the Past: Short-Term Effects of the Rent Freeze in Berlin," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp308, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rental Market; Rent Regulation; Intra-Urban Rent Dynamics; Hedonic Rent Price Index; Economic History; Pre-Soviet Russia; October Revolution;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • N93 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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