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El efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio en Colombia durante los años de la industrialización

  • Carmen Astrid Romero

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    El intrincado sistema de tipos de cambio múltiples (STCM) permitió, en parte, cumplir con una política de protección cambiaria en Colombia durante los años de la industrialización dirigida. Esto lo confirma la presencia de un efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios de algunos bienes importados y a los precios del café, principal producto de exportación durante los años del estudio. En la primera parte de este artículo se estima el efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios de algunos productos importados para industrias de bienes intermedios y materias primas en su mayoría y algunos productos del sector de bienes de capital con series anuales desde 1948 hasta 1974. En la segunda parte del documento se verificó la transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios de las exportaciones de café con series mensuales desde enero de 1932 hasta diciembre de 1974. El efecto transmisión del tipo de cambio a los precios internos del café en el largo plazo fue del 0,95. La transmisión de los movimientos de los precios internacionales del café al precio doméstico fue completa. La economía cafetera influyó activamente en la decisión de mantener los tipos de cambios múltiples en el país, con la idea de contar con la herramienta cambiaria activa para contener los efectos de las fluctuaciones de los precios internacionales del grano.

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    Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

    Volume (Year): (2012)
    Issue (Month): ()
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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:010162
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