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La pobreza en México y su interrelación con el mercado laboral

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  • Rogelio Varela LLamas

    ()

  • Juan Ocegueda Hernández

    ()

Abstract

Se analiza la pobreza multidimensional desde la perspectiva del mercado laboral, considerando las 32 entidades federativas de México durante el periodo 2010-2016. Se estima un micropanel con efectos aleatorios y se encuentra que la población desocupada, el empleo informal y el nivel de precios tienen un efecto directo y significativo sobre la pobreza multidimensional. Se encuentra, además, que un deterioro en la capacidad de la economía para generar empleos formales detona la pobreza y produce un crecimiento de la informalidad acompañado de salarios bajos y desprotección social. La inflación opera en contra de la pobreza y produce un deterioro de los salarios reales. ***** Multidimensional poverty is analyzed from the perspective of the labor market, considering the 32 states of Mexico during the period 2010-2016. A micro-panel with random effects is estimated, and it is found that the unemployed population, informal employment and price levels have a direct and significant effect on multidimensional poverty. It is also found that a deterioration in the capacity of the economy to generate formal jobs detonates poverty and produces, as well as a growth of informality accompanied by low wages and social deprivation. Inflation operates against poverty and produces a deterioration of real wages

Suggested Citation

  • Rogelio Varela LLamas & Juan Ocegueda Hernández, 2019. "La pobreza en México y su interrelación con el mercado laboral," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, vol. 39(79), pages 139-165, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:017747
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    File URL: https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/ceconomia/article/view/71201/73583
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cruces, Guillermo & Fields, Gary S. & Jaume, David & Viollaz, Mariana, 2017. "Growth, Employment, and Poverty in Latin America," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198801085.
    2. Rosenbluth, Guillermo, 1994. "Informalidad y pobreza en América Latina," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    3. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    4. Chávez Martín del Campo, Juan Carlos & Villarreal Páez, Héctor Juan & Cantú Calderón, Ricardo & González Sánchez, Horacio Edgardo, 2009. "Efecto del incremento en el precio de los alimentos en la pobreza en México," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(303), pages 775-805, julio-sep.
    5. Emma Aguila & Nelly Mejía, Francisco Pérez, Alfonso Rivera & Edgar Ramírez, 2015. "Pobreza y vulnerabilidad en México: el caso de los jóvenes que no estudian ni trabajan," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 30(1), pages 3-49.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    pobreza; mercado laboral; inflación; datos de panel; poverty; labor market; inflation; panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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