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Convergencia en indicadores sociales en Colombia. Una aproximación desde los enfoques tradicional y no paramétrico

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  • Aguirre Tobón Katherine

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Abstract

El modelo de crecimiento neoclásico predice convergencia en el sentido de que las regiones pobres crecerán más rápido que las ricas, debido a los rendimientos decrecientes del capital. El presente trabajo analiza esta relación entre los departamentos colombianos, utilizando variables alternativas al ingreso como son los indicadores sociales (esperanza de vida al nacer y tasa de analfabetismo) para el período comprendido entre 1985 y 2000. Al utilizar la metodología tradicional propuesta por Barro y Sala-i-Martin (1990, 1992), además de estimaciones no paramétricas de la densidad, se concluye que existe convergencia entre la esperanza de vida al nacer de los departamentos colombianos, mientras que ésta no existe para la tasa de analfabetismo.

Suggested Citation

  • Aguirre Tobón Katherine, 2005. "Convergencia en indicadores sociales en Colombia. Una aproximación desde los enfoques tradicional y no paramétrico," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:002200
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/revistadys/Articulo56_4.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Quah, Danny T, 1996. "Twin Peaks: Growth and Convergence in Models of Distribution Dynamics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1045-1055, July.
    2. Danny Quah, 1996. "Twin Peaks: Growth and Convergence in Models of Distribution Dynamics," CEP Discussion Papers dp0280, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economía regional; convergencia; estándares de vida; kernel de densidad;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O49 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Other
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R19 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Other

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