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Imports and the structure of retail markets

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  • Horst Raff
  • Nicolas Schmitt

Abstract

We construct a model of trade with heterogeneous retailers to examine the effects of trade liberalization on retail market structure, imports and social welfare. We are especially interested in investigating the transmission of lower import prices into consumer prices and the effects of retail market regulation. The paper shows that changes in import prices may have large effects on consumer prices and import volumes when changes in retail market structure are taken into account, and that restrictions on retailing, as they occur in several countries, may significantly alter this transmission mechanism by reducing imports and raising consumer prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Horst Raff & Nicolas Schmitt, 2012. "Imports and the structure of retail markets," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(4), pages 1431-1455, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:45:y:2012:i:4:p:1431-1455
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2010. "Wholesalers and Retailers in U.S. Trade (Long Version)," CEP Discussion Papers dp0968, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Horst Raff & Nicolas Schmitt, 2016. "Manufacturers and retailers in the global economy," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 49(2), pages 685-706, May.
    2. Jen Baggs & Loretta Fung & Beverly Lapham, 2015. "Exchange Rates, Cross-Border Travel, and Retailers: Theory and Empirics," Working Papers 1351, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    3. repec:spr:weltar:v:153:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10290-017-0284-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:got:cegedp:133 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Berner, Eike & Birg, Laura, 2012. "Retailers and Consumers: The pass-through of import price changes," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 133, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    6. Matthew T. Cole & Carsten Eckel, 2016. "Tariffs and Markups in Retailing," Working Papers 1604, California Polytechnic State University, Department of Economics.
    7. Raff, Horst & Schmitt, Nicolas, 2015. "Retailing and international trade: A survey of the literature," Economics Working Papers 2015-02, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    8. Charlotte Emlinger & Sandra Poncet, 2016. "With a Little Help from My Friends: Multinational Retailers and China's consumer Market Penetration," Working Papers 2016-01, CEPII research center.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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