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Exclusion and the Theory of Clubs


  • Robert W. Helsley
  • William C. Strange


This paper examines the competitive provision of club goods with costly exclusion. The authors consider two exclusion regimes: fine and coarse. With fine exclusion, a provider can charge both a membership fee and a per use price. With coarse exclusion, a provider can charge a membership fee only. The authors show that competitive club good providers choose both the efficient exclusion regime, which depends on the costs of exclusion, and the associated efficient resource allocation. Thus, with costly exclusion, the competitive provision of club goods is constrained Pareto efficient.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert W. Helsley & William C. Strange, 1991. "Exclusion and the Theory of Clubs," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 24(4), pages 889-899, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:24:y:1991:i:4:p:889-99

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    9. Appelbaum, Elie, 1982. "The estimation of the degree of oligopoly power," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 287-299, August.
    10. Domowitz, Ian & Hubbard, R Glenn & Petersen, Bruce C, 1988. "Market Structure and Cyclical Fluctuations in U.S. Manufacturing," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(1), pages 55-66, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kurtis J. Swope & Eckhard Janeba, 2005. "Taxes or Fees? The Political Economy of Providing Excludable Public Goods," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 7(3), pages 405-426, August.
    2. Yang, Chia-yen, 2000. "The organizational choice of public good provision," ISU General Staff Papers 2000010108000013664, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Prüfer, J. & Walz, U., 2009. "How Does the Governance of Academic Faculties Affect Competition Among Them?," Discussion Paper 2009-49, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    4. Todd Sandler, 2013. "Buchanan clubs," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 265-284, December.
    5. Helsley, Robert W. & Strange, William C., 1998. "Private government," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 281-304, June.
    6. Jens Prüfer & Uwe Walz, 2013. "Academic faculty governance and recruitment decisions," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 155(3), pages 507-529, June.
    7. Engel, Christoph, 0. "Competition in a pure world of Internet telephony," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 530-540, September.
    8. DeWald, Joshua & Espey, Molly & Hammig, Michael D., 2004. "Implementation of Village Self-Help Projects in the Kyrgyz Republic," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(11), pages 1927-1938, November.
    9. Hideo Konishi, 2010. "Efficient Mixed Clubs: Nonlinear-Pricing Equilibria With Entrepreneurial Managers," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 35-63.
    10. Silva, Emilson C. D., 1997. "A-la-Carte or Smorgasbord? Multiproduct Clubs with Costly Exclusion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 264-280, March.
    11. John P. Conley & Myrna Wooders, 1998. "Anonymous Lindahl Pricing in a Tiebout Economy with Crowding Types," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(4), pages 952-974, November.
    12. Prüfer, J. & Walz, U., 2007. "How does Clubs' Organizational Design Affect Competition Among Clubs?," Discussion Paper 2007-27, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    13. Miguel A. Puchades-Navarro, 2013. "Voluntary provision of public goods," Chapters,in: Constitutional Economics and Public Institutions, chapter 16, pages 297-312 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Todd Sandler, 2015. "Collective action: fifty years later," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 164(3), pages 195-216, September.

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