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Evaluating Labor Market Flexibility in Chile from an International Perspective

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  • Elías Albagli I.
  • Pablo García S.
  • Jorge Restrepo L.

Abstract

We rank Chile in terms of labor market flexibility among a group that includes both OECD and emerging economies. We use a performance-based indicator of labor-market flexibility based on the half life of unemployment responses to macroeconomic shocks. This indicator captures the cyclical behavior of the labor market and is obtained by estimating a structural VAR (SVAR). The SVAR is identified using long-run restrictions, which are based on a simple open-economy model with labor-market rigidity. We found that Korea, Hong Kong, Chile, US, and Mexico are the most flexible economies. At the other end, our index indicates that Germany, Sweden, Spain and Colombia are the most rigid labor markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Elías Albagli I. & Pablo García S. & Jorge Restrepo L., 2004. "Evaluating Labor Market Flexibility in Chile from an International Perspective," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 7(2), pages 27-46, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchec:v:7:y:2004:i:2:p:27-46
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Dolado, Juan J. & Jimeno, Juan F., 1997. "The causes of Spanish unemployment: A structural VAR approach," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(7), pages 1281-1307, July.
    4. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173, June.
    5. Olivier Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1997. "What We Know and Do Not Know about the Natural Rate of Unemployment," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(1), pages 51-72, Winter.
    6. Benkwitz, Alexander & L tkepohl, Helmut & Wolters, J rgen, 2001. "Comparison Of Bootstrap Confidence Intervals For Impulse Responses Of German Monetary Systems," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(01), pages 81-100, February.
    7. Ivanov Ventzislav & Kilian Lutz, 2005. "A Practitioner's Guide to Lag Order Selection For VAR Impulse Response Analysis," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-36, March.
    8. Elías Albagli & Pablo García & Jorge Restrepo, 2004. "Labor Market Rigidity and Structural Shocks: An Open-Economy Approach for International Comparisons," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 263, Central Bank of Chile.
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