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Monetary Policy Efficiency in Chile were there any Improvements?

  • J. Marcelo Ochoa C.

Output and inflation volatility has declined significantly in recent years. This improved economic behavior can be explained by both a reduction in the shocks faced by the country and a better monetary policy conduct. This paper explores the contribution of both factors to boosting Chile’s economic performance in the past fifteen years through three measures derived from the economy’s efficiency frontier. The measure capturing macroeconomic behavior presents an improvement (decline) of 200% between the periods 1992-2000 and 2001-2007—reflecting the reduction in output and inflation volatility—a fact that is explained by a reduction in the shocks (123%), and by by monetary policy efficiency gains (83%). Furthermore, between 2001 and 2006, the Chilean economy experienced the smallest magnitude of shocks since 1992, while the monetary policy was responsible for keeping the economy above the efficiency frontier.

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File URL: http://www.bcentral.cl/eng/studies/economia-chilena/2009/apr/recv12n1abril2009pp39-49.pdf
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Article provided by Central Bank of Chile in its journal Economía Chilena.

Volume (Year): 12 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
Pages: 39-49

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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchec:v:12:y:2009:i:1:p:39-49
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  1. Nouriel Roubini & Vittorio Grilli, 1995. "Liquidity Models in Open Economies: Theory and Empirical Evidence," NBER Working Papers 5313, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Christopher A. Sims & Tao Zha, 2005. "Were There Regime Switches in U.S. Monetary Policy?," Working Papers 92, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
  3. Oscar Landerretche & Vittorio Corbo & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2001. "Does Inflation Targeting Make a Difference," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 106, Central Bank of Chile.
  4. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 2003. "Has the Business Cycle Changed and Why?," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2002, Volume 17, pages 159-230 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Vittorio Corbo & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2001. "Inflation Targeting in Latin America," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 105, Central Bank of Chile.
  6. Chang-Jin Kim & Charles R. Nelson, 1999. "State-Space Models with Regime Switching: Classical and Gibbs-Sampling Approaches with Applications," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262112388, June.
  7. Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus & Tapia, Matias, 2002. "Inflation targeting in Chile," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 125-146, August.
  8. José De Gregorio & Andrea Tokman & Rodrigo Valdés, 2005. "Tipo de Cambio Flexible con Metas de Inflación en Chile: Experiencia y Temas de Interés," Economic Policy Papers Central Bank of Chile 14, Central Bank of Chile.
  9. Stephen G. Cecchetti & Alfonso Flores-Lagunes & Stefan Krause, 2004. "Has Monetary Policy Become More Efficient? A Cross Country Analysis," NBER Working Papers 10973, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521321969 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Luis F. Céspedes & Marcelo Ochoa & Claudio Soto, 2005. "The New Keynesian Phillips Curve in an Emerging Market Economy: The Case of Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 355, Central Bank of Chile.
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