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Eine diversifizierte Wirtschaft als Versicherung gegen Krisen

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  • Jan Kluge

Abstract

Eine starke Spezialisierung auf bestimmte Branchen kann zweifellos wirtschaftliche Vorteile mit sich bringen. Viele Regionen in Deutschland profitieren zum Beispiel von ihrer Einbettung in starke Cluster, z. B. in der Automobilindustrie. Wenn diese Branchen jedoch in Schwierigkeiten geraten, dann können sie ganze Regionen in Schieflage bringen. Eine zu einseitige, auf besonders wachstumsstarke Sektoren ausgerichtete Wirtschaft birgt also Risiken. Eine diversifizierte Wirtschaft kann dagegen wie eine Art Versicherung gegen sektorspezifische Schocks wirken. Dieser Artikel zeigt, dass sich breit aufgestellte Regionen deutlich stabiler entwickeln, obwohl sie kaum langsamer wachsen. Sektorale Diversifikation ermöglicht also besonders vorteilhafte Verhältnisse aus Wachstum und Risiko.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Kluge, 2018. "Eine diversifizierte Wirtschaft als Versicherung gegen Krisen," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 25(05), pages 21-26, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:25:y:2018:i:05:p:21-26
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:ces:ifodre:v:24:y:2016:i:04:p:34-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jan Kluge, 2018. "Sectoral diversification as insurance against economic instability," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(1), pages 204-223, January.
    3. JanKluge, 2016. "Die wirtschaftliche Dynamik in der Stadt Dresden," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 23(04), pages 34-44, August.
    4. Siddharth Chandra, 2003. "Regional Economy Size and the Growth–Instability Frontier: Evidence from Europe," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(1), pages 95-122, February.
    5. JanKluge, 2011. "Wachstum und Beschäftigung am Wirtschaftsstandort Dresden – Warum wächst Dresden langsamer als der Rest Sachsens?," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 18(05), pages 11-19, October.
    6. Simona Bigerna, 2013. "The Regional Growth-Instability Frontier in Italy," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 41(4), pages 463-464, December.
    7. Beaudry, Catherine & Schiffauerova, Andrea, 2009. "Who's right, Marshall or Jacobs? The localization versus urbanization debate," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 318-337, March.
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