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Avoir les coudes serrés dans le métro parisien : évaluation contingente du confort des déplacements

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  • Luke Haywood
  • Martin Koning

Abstract

Qualitative aspects of transport experiences are increasingly discussed as factors influencing the choice between individualized and public transport. In this article we investigate, both analytically and empirically, the impact travel comfort has on the utility of subway users as well as the factors levering this impact, the comfort being defined as the space available in trains. Using survey data collected in 2009 on central Paris subway’s platforms and contingent valuation methodology, we find first that discomfort in undergrounds generates a considerable disutility for users. This is equivalent to 5.7-8.1 minutes of excess travel, i.e. 1.01-1.54 euro in monetary terms or 29 %-42 % in travel budget increase, and rises with the perceived time as well as levels of comfort in trains, either objective or subjective. By proposing a parameter to describe the external cost of subway congestion, we then show how taking into account considerations of travel comfort might influence analyses of public transport usage.

Suggested Citation

  • Luke Haywood & Martin Koning, 2012. "Avoir les coudes serrés dans le métro parisien : évaluation contingente du confort des déplacements," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 111-144.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reidbu:rei_140_0111
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brueckner, Jan K. & Selod, Harris, 2006. "The political economy of urban transport-system choice," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(6-7), pages 983-1005, August.
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    3. Kraus, Marvin, 2003. "A new look at the two-mode problem," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 511-530, November.
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    5. Theodore Tsekeris & Stefan Voß, 2009. "Design and evaluation of road pricing: state-of-the-art and methodological advances," Netnomics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 5-52, April.
    6. Moez Kilani & Fabien Leurent & André De Palma, 2010. "A Monocentric City With Discrete Transit Stations," Working Papers hal-00488672, HAL.
    7. Brookshire, David S, et al, 1982. "Valuing Public Goods: A Comparison of Survey and Hedonic Approaches," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 165-177, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Alexandre Mahieu & Romain Craste & Bengt Kriström & Pere Riera, 2014. "Non-market valuation in France: An overview of the research activity," Working Papers hal-01087365, HAL.
    2. de Palma, André & Kilani, Moez & Proost, Stef, 2015. "Discomfort in mass transit and its implication for scheduling and pricing," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 1-18.
    3. Haywood, Luke & Koning, Martin, 2015. "The distribution of crowding costs in public transport: New evidence from Paris," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 182-201.

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