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Brain drain and Remittances: implications for the source country

Author

Listed:
  • Dilek Cinar
  • Frédéric Docquier

Abstract

In this paper, we model a developing economy in which individual decisions about education and migration are constrained by capital market imperfections (liquidity constraints). We examine the joint impact of brain drain and international remittances on human capital accumulation in the emigration country. We derive the condition under which the emigration of the most talented workers stimulates the economy-wide average stock of human capital in the sending country (compared to the closed economy benchmark). Such a BBD outcome (beneficial brain drain) is obtained (i) when the return to education is high compared to the costs of education and migration and (ii) when remittances received by each young are important. Unlike recent papers in that literature, the BBD cannot be obtained if emigration rates are small.

Suggested Citation

  • Dilek Cinar & Frédéric Docquier, 2004. "Brain drain and Remittances: implications for the source country," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 47(1), pages 103-118.
  • Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:y:2004:v:47:i:1:p:102-118
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2004. "Skilled migration: the perspective of developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3382, The World Bank.
    2. Ziesemer, Thomas H.W., 2010. "The impact of the credit crisis on poor developing countries: Growth, worker remittances, accumulation and migration," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 1230-1245, September.
    3. Ziesemer, Thomas H.W., 2012. "Worker remittances, migration, accumulation and growth in poor developing countries: Survey and analysis of direct and indirect effects," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 103-118.
    4. repec:dgr:unumer:2008063 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Ziesemer Thomas H.W., 2009. "Worker Remittances and Growth: The Physical and Human Capital Channels," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 229(6), pages 743-773, December.
    6. José Luis Groizard & Joan Llull, 2006. "Skilled migration and growth. Testing brain drain and brain gain theories," DEA Working Papers 20, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Departament d'Economía Aplicada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    skilled migration; immigration policy; human capital; growth;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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