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Kde hľadať domáce korene dnešného napätia v Sýrii? Strana Baas preberá moc (1963-1966)

  • Karol Sorby

    ()

    (Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov, Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave)

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    Ôsmeho marca 1963 vojenský prevrat uskutočnený koalíciou baasistických, nāsirovských a nezávislých panarabsky orientovaných politikov zvrhol „odštiepenecký režim“ v Damasku. Keď armáda prevzala moc, vytvorila Národnú revolučnú radu, ktorej predsedom sa stal generálporučík Lu’aj al-Atāsī. Ten poveril jedného z vodcov Socialistickej strany arabskej obrody (Strany Baas), aby vytvoril vládu, ktorej členmi budú vojaci aj civilisti. Jedným z prvých činov novej vlády bolo vydanie vyhlásenia, v ktorom uviedla, že jej cieľom je viesť Sýriu do opätovného zjednotenia s Egyptom, tentoraz spolu s Irakom. Generál Lu’aj al-Atāsī zároveň vyhlásil, že armáda bola zbavená odštiepeneckých elementov, vrátane bývalých ministrov. Krátko nato, znova výrazne vzrástol počet predstaviteľov menšín v dôstojníckom zbore sýrskej armády, na úkor väčšinových sunnitov. Hlavným dôvodom tohto javu bolo, že vojenskí velitelia, členovia Strany Baas, ktorí sa podieľali na prevrate, aktivovali mnohých dôstojníkov a poddôstojníkov na základe rodinných, kmeňových alebo regionálnych zväzkov, aby čo najrýchlejšie upevnili svoje novonadobudnuté mocenské pozície.

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    Article provided by Ekonomická univerzita, Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov in its journal Medzinárodné vzťahy (Journal of International Relations).

    Volume (Year): 10 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 5-22

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    Handle: RePEc:brv:journl:v:10:y:2012:i:1:p:5-22
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    1. Harvey W. Armstrong & Robert Read, 2002. "The phantom of liberty?: economic growth and the vulnerability of small states," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 435-458.
    2. Briguglio, Lino, 1995. "Small island developing states and their economic vulnerabilities," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(9), pages 1615-1632, September.
    3. Andrea Goldstein & Njuguna S. Ndung’u, 2001. "Regional Integration Experience in the Eastern African Region," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 171, OECD Publishing.
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