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Der Neoliberalismus – Entstehung, Kampfbegriff und Meinungsstreit / Neo-liberalism – origin, item of campaign and matter of controversy


  • Willgerodt Hans


The influence of liberal ideas and practice during the 19th century was significant also in Germany, but lost its power gradually due to protectionist tendencies at the end of that century. More or less monopolistic and private economic groups were admitted in the name of “laisser-faire”, and the state became ready to intervene into the market process in favour of special interests. At the same time a rather modest paternalistic system of welfare protection for the working class was introduced, which later on demonstrated a built-in tendency to expand. But the collectivist and socialist movement of the 20th century became dominant by the two World Wars and their consequences. This led to political and economic catastrophes of incredible dimensions. Therefore a return to liberal ideas was given a second chance. But a simple return to laisser-faire and mistakes of the historical liberalism were not intended. Therefore the new ideas were called “neoliberalism”.

Suggested Citation

  • Willgerodt Hans, 2006. "Der Neoliberalismus – Entstehung, Kampfbegriff und Meinungsstreit / Neo-liberalism – origin, item of campaign and matter of controversy," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 57(1), pages 47-89, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:ordojb:v:57:y:2006:i:1:p:47-89:n:6
    DOI: 10.1515/ordo-2006-0106

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jacob Viner, 1927. "Adam Smith and Laissez Faire," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(2), pages 198-198.
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    Cited by:

    1. Müller Christian, 2007. "Neoliberalismus und Freiheit – Zum sozialethischen Anliegen der Ordo-Schule / Neoliberalism and Liberty - The social ethical impetus of the German Ordo School," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 58(1), pages 99-108, January.

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