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A Macroeconomic Model of Entry with Exporters and Multinationals


  • Cavallari Lilia

    () (University of Rome III)


This paper provides a framework for the analysis of firms' integration strategies that incorporates the endogenous determination of the number of firms that serve foreign markets through exports and the number of multinational firms that choose to engage in horizontal foreign direct investments. The aim of the study is to investigate how differences in firms' integration strategies affect the way productivity and monetary policy shocks spread their effects worldwide. Building on a general equilibrium model in the tradition of the new open economy macroeconomics with national and multinational enterprises, I find that firms' integration strategies play a key role in the international business cycle and they help explain a number of puzzling features in exchange rate data. The paper makes two main contributions. First, it provides an explanation of long-term deviations from purchasing power parity due to changes in the extensive margin of firms serving world markets via exporting and foreign investment that is novel in the literature. Second, it explores optimal monetary policy in a framework with endogenous trade and foreign investments, elucidating an interesting new trade-off between efficiency and volatility. My results show that monetary stabilization, by discouraging entry of new firms, might involve a policy trade-off between the desire to smooth fluctuations in producers' prices and the need to facilitate adjustments in consumers' prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Cavallari Lilia, 2007. "A Macroeconomic Model of Entry with Exporters and Multinationals," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-32, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:7:y:2007:i:1:n:32

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas A. Lubik & Katheryn N. Russ, 2012. "Exchange rate volatility in a simple model of firm entry and FDI," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue 1Q, pages 51-76.
    2. Lewis, Logan T., 2014. "Exports versus multinational production under nominal uncertainty," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 371-386.
    3. Cavallari, Lilia, 2013. "Firms' entry, monetary policy and the international business cycle," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 263-274.
    4. Cavallari, Lilia, 2010. "Exports and foreign direct investments in an endogenous-entry model with real and nominal uncertainty," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 300-313, March.
    5. Cavallari, Lilia & D׳Addona, Stefano, 2015. "Exchange rates as shock absorbers: The role of export margins," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 582-602.
    6. Lilia Cavallari & Stefano D’Addona, 2014. "Trade Margins And Exchange Rate Regimes: New Evidence From A Panel Varx Model," Working Papers 0514, CREI Università degli Studi Roma Tre, revised 2014.
    7. Claudia Busl & Marcus Kappler, 2013. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Synchronise Business Cycles? Results from a Panel Approach," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 23, WWWforEurope.
    8. Lilia Cavallari & Stefano D'Addona, 2013. "Business cycle determinants of US foreign direct investments," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(10), pages 966-970, July.
    9. Cavallari, Lilia, 2015. "Entry costs and the dynamics of business formation," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 312-326.
    10. Lilia Cavallari, 2012. "Markups And Entry In A Dsge Model," Working Papers 0612, CREI Università degli Studi Roma Tre, revised 2012.
    11. repec:eee:ecmode:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:365-383 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Lilia Cavallari, 2012. "Modelling Entry Costs: Does It Matter For Business Cycle Transmission?," Working Papers 0712, CREI Università degli Studi Roma Tre, revised 2012.
    13. Cavallari, Lilia, 2013. "A note on firm entry, markups and the business cycle," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 528-535.
    14. Cavallari, Lilia & D'Addona, Stefano, 2013. "Trade margins and exchange rate regimes: new evidence from a panel VAR," MPRA Paper 51585, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. repec:fip:fedreq:y:2012:i:1q:p:51-76:n:vol.98no.1 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Lilia Cavallari, 2008. "Macroeconomic Interdependence with Trade and Multinational Activities," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(3), pages 537-558, August.

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