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Features And Dynamics Of Socio-Spatial Differentiation In Vienna And The Vienna Metropolitan Region

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  • GERHARD HATZ

Abstract

In Vienna, globalisation has restructured urban society in terms of de-industrialisation, occupational change, migration and unemployment. This paper focuses on the restructuring of urban society and the related neighbourhood changes in Vienna from 1971 to 2001. The study applies social area analysis and factorial ecology to identify the underlying dimensions in the formation of socio-spatial patterns and neighbourhood change through a cross-sectional analysis. The analysis does not directly reveal a trend towards spatial polarisation but rather supports the concept of emerging structural differentiations in a 'quartered city'. Social housing policies on entitlements and the city's withdrawal as a housing developer just as it was embarking on subsidised urban renewal have contributed to an accentuation of structural differences. Extending the analysis to the Vienna metropolitan region indicates that suburbanisation is reinforcing a socio-spatial polarisation within the city proper, exacerbated by the territorial fragmentation of social housing policies between the city and its suburban region. Copyright (c) 2009 by the Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG.

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  • Gerhard Hatz, 2009. "Features And Dynamics Of Socio-Spatial Differentiation In Vienna And The Vienna Metropolitan Region," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 100(4), pages 485-501, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:tvecsg:v:100:y:2009:i:4:p:485-501
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. R. Alan Walks, 2001. "The Social Ecology of the Post-Fordist/Global City? Economic Restructuring and Socio-spatial Polarisation in the Toronto Urban Region," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 38(3), pages 407-447, March.
    2. Chris Hamnett, 1994. "Social Polarisation in Global Cities: Theory and Evidence," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 31(3), pages 401-424, April.
    3. Walter Matznetter, 2002. "Social Housing Policy in a Conservative Welfare State: Austria as an Example," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 39(2), pages 265-282, February.
    4. Terje Wessel, 2000. "Social Polarisation and Socioeconomic Segregation in a Welfare State: The Case of Oslo," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 37(11), pages 1947-1967, October.
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    1. Salvati, Luca & Sateriano, Adele & Grigoriadis, Efstathios & Carlucci, Margherita, 2017. "New wine in old bottles: The (changing) socioeconomic attributes of sprawl during building boom and stagnation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 361-372.

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