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Do Not Trash the Incentive! Monetary Incentives and Waste Sorting


  • Alessandro Bucciol
  • Natalia Montinari
  • Marco Piovesan


In this paper, we examine whether combining non-monetary and monetary incentives increases municipal solid waste sorting. We empirically investigate this issue, exploiting the exogenous variation in waste management policies experienced during the years 1999–2008 by the 95 municipalities in the district of Treviso (Italy). Using a panel regression analysis, we estimate that pay-as-you-throw (PAYT) incentive schemes increase the sorted-to-total waste ratio by 17 percent, and that their effect reinforces that of a door-to-door (DtD) collection system, which is equal to 15.7 percent. Moreover, the panel structure of our dataset allows us to find learning and spatial effects associated with both PAYT and DtD.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessandro Bucciol & Natalia Montinari & Marco Piovesan, 2015. "Do Not Trash the Incentive! Monetary Incentives and Waste Sorting," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 117(4), pages 1204-1229, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:117:y:2015:i:4:p:1204-1229

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Paul Missios & Ida Ferrara, 2011. "A Cross-Country Study of Waste Prevention and Recycling," Working Papers 028, Ryerson University, Department of Economics.
    2. Maarten A. Allers & Corine Hoeben, 2010. "Effects of Unit-Based Garbage Pricing: A Differences-in-Differences Approach," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 45(3), pages 405-428, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecolec:v:157:y:2019:i:c:p:394-401 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:spr:soinre:v:142:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s11205-018-1936-x is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:jeeman:v:89:y:2018:i:c:p:168-186 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Anne Briand & Author-Name: Noukignon Koné, 2018. "Poverty eradication by improving waste collection: an African case study," Working Papers 20180003, UMR Développement et Sociétés, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement.
    5. David Boto-Garcìa & Alessandro Bucciol, 2019. "Climate Change: Personal Responsibility and Energy Saving," Working Papers 02/2019, University of Verona, Department of Economics.
    6. repec:spr:scient:v:117:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11192-018-2912-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Alessandro Bucciol & Natalia Montinari & Marco Piovesan & Jean-Robert Tyran, 2014. "It Wasn't Me! Visibility and Free Riding in Waste Sorting," Discussion Papers 14-12, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    8. Matheus Bueno & Marica Valente, 2018. "The Effects of Pricing Waste Generation: A Synthetic Control Approach," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1737, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Marie Briguglio, 2016. "Household Cooperation In Waste Management: Initial Conditions And Intervention," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(3), pages 497-525, July.
    10. repec:eee:ecolec:v:161:y:2019:i:c:p:321-329 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Michal Struk, 2015. "Distance and Incentives Matter: The Separation of Recyclable Municipal Waste," MUNI ECON Working Papers 18, Masaryk University, revised Jul 2016.
    12. repec:wsi:jeapmx:v:16:y:2014:i:01:n:s146433321450001x is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling


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