The Distributional Consequences during the Early Stages of Russia's Transition
The author considers the distributional consequences at a national level in Russia during the initial phase of market reforms between the mid-1980s and the early 1990s. Although the incomes of many individuals changed favorably under the reforms during this period, average real household per capita income declined between 1985 and 1992. In particular, during the first year of major reform in 1992 households at the lower end of the income distribution seemed to incur the largest fall in income. As a consequence, there was a rise in measured income inequality. The Gini coefficient, estimated by various researchers to have been around 27 percent between the late 1960s and early 1990s, the author estimates to have increased to 32.2 percent by the end of 1992. He also estimates that poverty increased, with 18.5 percent of the population on incomes lying below the official subsistence level at the end of 1992. Copyright 1996 by The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth.
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Volume (Year): 42 (1996)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
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