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Schattenwirtschaft und Schwarzarbeit - Eine wirtschafts- und gesellschaftspolitische Herausforderung

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  • Dominik H. Enste

Abstract

The growing shadow economy in Germany is a challenge to the welfare state and economic policy. The burden of taxation and social security contributions combined with rising state regulatory activities are the main causes for the increase in the shadow economy. The consequences are ambivalent, since illicit work can increase welfare and boost institutional change but can also lead to a crisis of the welfare state. A substantial reform of the social security system and the tax system can reduce the incentives to use the 'exit option'. In addition, the use of the 'voice-option' must become more attractive. Copyright Verein fü Socialpolitik und Blackwell Publishers Ltd 2001

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  • Dominik H. Enste, 2001. "Schattenwirtschaft und Schwarzarbeit - Eine wirtschafts- und gesellschaftspolitische Herausforderung," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 2(2), pages 229-244, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:perwir:v:2:y:2001:i:2:p:229-244
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Donges, Juergen B. & Eekhoff, Johann & Möschel, Wernhard & Neumann, Manfred J. M. & Sievert, Olaf, 1999. "Arbeitszeiten und soziale Sicherung flexibler gestalten," Kronberger Kreis-Studien 35, Stiftung Marktwirtschaft / The Market Economy Foundation, Berlin.
    2. Friedrich Schneider & Dominik Enste, 1999. "Shadow Economies Around the World - Size, Causes, and Consequences," CESifo Working Paper Series 196, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Giles, David E A, 1999. "Measuring the Hidden Economy: Implications for Econometric Modelling," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages 370-380, June.
    4. Schneider, Friedrich, 1986. " Estimating the Size of the Danish Shadow Economy Using the Currency Demand Approach: An Attempt," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(4), pages 643-668.
    5. Tanzi, Vito, 1999. "Uses and Abuses of Estimates of the Underground Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages 338-347, June.
    6. Vanberg, Viktor J., 1994. "Kulturelle Evolution und die Gestaltung von Regeln," Beiträge zur Ordnungstheorie und Ordnungspolitik, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen;Walter Eucken Institut, Freiburg, Germany, edition 1, volume 127, number urn:isbn:9783161462641.
    7. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
    8. Schneider, Friedrich, 1994. "Can the Shadow Economy Be Reduced through Major Tax Reforms? An Empirical Investigation for Austria," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 49(Supplemen), pages 137-152.
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