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Mobility Barriers and Profitability of Multinational and Local Enterprises in Indian Manufacturing

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  • Kumar, Nagesh

Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of profit margins of affiliates of multinational enterprises and local firms in forty-three Indian manufacturing industries to seek explanations of the superior performance of the former. The empirical analysis finds support for the proposition that multinational enterprises and local firms constitute different strategic groups in an industry and that the former as a group enjoys greater protection from mobility barriers. Multinational enterprises appear to enjoy persistent advantage over their local counterparts especially in knowledge (both technology and human skill) intensive industries. Residual ability differences are not statistically significant in explaining profitability differences between multinational enterprises and local firms. Copyright 1990 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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  • Kumar, Nagesh, 1990. "Mobility Barriers and Profitability of Multinational and Local Enterprises in Indian Manufacturing," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 449-463, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:38:y:1990:i:4:p:449-63
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    Cited by:

    1. Uma S. Kambhampati & Paul A. Kattuman, 2003. "Growth Response to Competitive Shocks: Market Structure Dynamics Under Liberalisation - the Case of India," Working Papers wp263, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    2. Zuniga-Vicente, Jose Angel & de la Fuente-Sabate, Juan Manuel & Suarez Gonzalez, Isabel, 2004. "Dynamics of the strategic group membership-performance linkage in rapidly changing environments," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 57(12), pages 1378-1390, December.
    3. K.S. Sujit & Badshah Mukherjee, 2005. "How Much Does R&D Decision Depend on Firm, Industry, Group and its Interactions?," Industrial Organization 0503008, EconWPA.
    4. Vergara, Sebastián, 2013. "The performance of transnational corporations: Evidence for the manufacturing industry in Chile," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    5. Christian Bellak, 2001. "Multinational Enterprises and Their Domestic Counterparts: Past Research, Current Issues and Future Directions," Working Papers geewp18, Vienna University of Economics and Business Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.
    6. Holger Görg & Aoife Hanley, 2004. "Does Outsourcing Increase Profitability?," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 35(3), pages 267-288.
    7. Kumar, Nagesh & Saqib, Mohammed, 1996. "Firm size, opportunities for adaptation and in-house R & D activity in developing countries: the case of Indian manufacturing," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 713-722, August.
    8. Christian Bellak, 2004. "How Domestic and Foreign Firms Differ and Why Does it Matter?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 483-514, September.
    9. Keshari, Pradeep Kumar, 2013. "Comparative performance of foreign affiliates and domestic firms in the Indian machinery industry," MPRA Paper 33076, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Apr 2013.
    10. Pfaffermayr, Michael & Bellak, Christian, 2000. "Why foreign-owned firms are different : a conceptual framework and empirical evidence for Austria," HWWA Discussion Papers 115, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    11. Bhattacharjeean, Arnab & Majumdar, Sumit K., 2011. "How much does industry matter in an emerging market economy?," SIRE Discussion Papers 2011-51, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    12. Mishra, Bikash Ranjan, 2011. "Inward FDI and firm-specific advantages of Indian manufacturing industries," MPRA Paper 35119, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Arnab Bhattacharjee & Sumit K. Majumdar, 2011. "How much does industry matter in an emerging market economy?," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 256, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
    14. Kumar, Nagesh, 1996. "Foreign Direct Investments and Technology Transfers in Development: A Perspective on Recent Literature," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 06, United Nations University - INTECH.

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