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Mobility Barriers and Profitability of Multinational and Local Enterprises in Indian Manufacturing


  • Kumar, Nagesh


This paper examines the determinants of profit margins of affiliates of multinational enterprises and local firms in forty-three Indian manufacturing industries to seek explanations of the superior performance of the former. The empirical analysis finds support for the proposition that multinational enterprises and local firms constitute different strategic groups in an industry and that the former as a group enjoys greater protection from mobility barriers. Multinational enterprises appear to enjoy persistent advantage over their local counterparts especially in knowledge (both technology and human skill) intensive industries. Residual ability differences are not statistically significant in explaining profitability differences between multinational enterprises and local firms. Copyright 1990 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Kumar, Nagesh, 1990. "Mobility Barriers and Profitability of Multinational and Local Enterprises in Indian Manufacturing," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 449-463, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:38:y:1990:i:4:p:449-63

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    Cited by:

    1. Mas-Ruiz, Francisco J. & Ruiz-Conde, Enar & Calderón-Martínez, Aurora, 2018. "Strategic group influence on entry mode choices in foreign markets," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 1259-1269.
    2. Harpreet Dusanjh & A.S. Sidhu, 2009. "Multi-spillover Effects of Multinational Corporations on Host Countries," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 10(2), pages 243-260, July.
    3. Christian Bellak, 2004. "How Domestic and Foreign Firms Differ and Why Does it Matter?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 483-514, September.
    4. Mausumi Kar, 2012. "National and Global Aspects of India’s Textiles and Apparel Industry and Trade: An Overview," South Asian Journal of Macroeconomics and Public Finance, , vol. 1(1), pages 81-133, June.
    5. Uma S. Kambhampati & Paul A. Kattuman, 2003. "Growth Response to Competitive Shocks: Market Structure Dynamics Under Liberalisation - the Case of India," Working Papers wp263, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    6. Michael Pfaffermayr & Christian Bellak, 2002. "Why Foreign-owned Firms are Different: A Conceptual Framework and Empirical Evidence for Austria," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: Rolf Jungnickel (ed.), Foreign-owned Firms, chapter 2, pages 13-57, Palgrave Macmillan.
    7. Jatinder Singh, 2011. "Inward Investment and Market Structure in an Open Developing Economy: A Case of India’s Manufacturing Sector," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 2(6), pages 286-297.
    8. Zuniga-Vicente, Jose Angel & de la Fuente-Sabate, Juan Manuel & Suarez Gonzalez, Isabel, 2004. "Dynamics of the strategic group membership-performance linkage in rapidly changing environments," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 57(12), pages 1378-1390, December.
    9. K.S. Sujit & Badshah Mukherjee, 2005. "How Much Does R&D Decision Depend on Firm, Industry, Group and its Interactions?," Industrial Organization 0503008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Holger Görg & Aoife Hanley, 2004. "Does Outsourcing Increase Profitability?," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 35(3), pages 267-288.
    11. Vergara, Sebastián, 2013. "The performance of transnational corporations: Evidence for the manufacturing industry in Chile," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    12. Arnab Bhattacharjee & Sumit K. Majumdar, 2011. "How much does industry matter in an emerging market economy?," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 256, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
    13. Christian Bellak, 2001. "Multinational Enterprises and Their Domestic Counterparts: Past Research, Current Issues and Future Directions," Working Papers geewp18, Vienna University of Economics and Business Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.
    14. Mishra, Bikash Ranjan, 2011. "Inward FDI and firm-specific advantages of Indian manufacturing industries," MPRA Paper 35119, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Christian Weikl & Reinhold Grotz, 1999. "Transnational technology transfer of SMEs and its impact on regional development," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(4), pages 301-315, October.
    16. G. Anastassopoulos & W. B. Traill, 1998. "Determinants of foreign entry strategies in Greek food industry," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 267-279.
    17. Kumar, Nagesh & Saqib, Mohammed, 1996. "Firm size, opportunities for adaptation and in-house R & D activity in developing countries: the case of Indian manufacturing," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 713-722, August.
    18. Patibandla, Murali, 2002. "Foreign Investment and Productivity: A Study of Post-reform Indian Industry," Working Papers 1-2002, Copenhagen Business School, Department of International Economics and Management.
    19. Kumar, Nagesh, 1996. "Foreign Direct Investments and Technology Transfers in Development: A Perspective on Recent Literature," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 1996-06, United Nations University - INTECH.
    20. Keshari, Pradeep Kumar, 2013. "Comparative performance of foreign affiliates and domestic firms in the Indian machinery industry," MPRA Paper 33076, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Apr 2013.

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