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Irrevocable Commitments, Going Private and Private Equity

Author

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  • Mike Wright
  • Charlie Weir
  • Andrew Burrows

Abstract

This paper adds to growing interest in public to private buy‐outs and mechanisms to ensure bid success. Using a unique, hand‐collected dataset of 155 public to private buy‐outs we provide one of the first examinations of the determinants of irrevocable commitments. Irrevocable commitments involve undertakings given by existing shareholders to agree to sell their shares to the bidder before the bid to take the company private is announced. We find that, for management buy‐outs, the level of irrevocable commitments is increased by the bid premium, the reputation of the private equity backer and board shareholdings. The level of irrevocable commitments is reduced by rumours of a takeover bid and bid value. We therefore find evidence that management and private equity firms' activity prior to the bid's announcement can have an important impact on the process of going private.

Suggested Citation

  • Mike Wright & Charlie Weir & Andrew Burrows, 2007. "Irrevocable Commitments, Going Private and Private Equity," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 13(4), pages 757-775, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:eufman:v:13:y:2007:i:4:p:757-775
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-036X.2007.00382.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-036X.2007.00382.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Megginson, William L & Weiss, Kathleen A, 1991. " Venture Capitalist Certification in Initial Public Offerings," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(3), pages 879-903, July.
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    5. Gompers, Paul A., 1996. "Grandstanding in the venture capital industry," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 133-156, September.
    6. Kaplan, Steven, 1989. "The effects of management buyouts on operating performance and value," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 217-254.
    7. Brav, Alon & Gompers, Paul A, 1997. " Myth or Reality? The Long-Run Underperformance of Initial Public Offerings: Evidence from Venture and Nonventure Capital-Backed Companies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(5), pages 1791-1821, December.
    8. Moeller, Sara B. & Schlingemann, Frederik P. & Stulz, Rene M., 2004. "Firm size and the gains from acquisitions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 201-228, August.
    9. DeAngelo, Harry & DeAngelo, Linda & Rice, Edward M, 1984. "Going Private: Minority Freezeouts and Stockholder Wealth," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(2), pages 367-401, October.
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    11. Opler, Tim & Titman, Sheridan, 1993. " The Determinants of Leveraged Buyout Activity: Free Cash Flow vs. Financial Distress Costs," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(5), pages 1985-1999, December.
    12. Ranko Jelic & Brahim Saadouni & Mike Wright, 2005. "Performance of Private to Public MBOs: The Role of Venture Capital," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3-4), pages 643-682.
    13. David Citron & Mike Wright & Rod Ball & Fred Rippington, 2003. "Secured Creditor Recovery Rates from Management Buy‐outs in Distress," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 9(2), pages 141-161, June.
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    1. repec:bla:eufman:v:19:y:2013:i:1:p:72-107 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:bla:eufman:v:17:y:2011:i:3:p:594-618 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Achleitner, Ann-Kristin & Andres, Christian & Betzer, André & Weir, Charlie, 2008. "Economic consequences of private equity investments on the German stock market," CEFS Working Paper Series 2008-05, Technische Universität München (TUM), Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS).
    4. Ann-Kristin Achleitner & Christian Andres & Andre Betzer & Charlie Weir, 2011. "Wealth effects of private equity investments on the German stock market," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 217-239.
    5. repec:bla:eufman:v:18:y:2012:i:5:p:867-895 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bla:eufman:v:17:y:2011:i:3:p:560-593 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:bla:eufman:v:19:y:2013:i:1:p:180-207 is not listed on IDEAS

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