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Estimation And Impact Of Gender Differences In Risk Tolerance

Author

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  • URVI NEELAKANTAN

Abstract

"This paper provides numerical estimates of the distributions of risk tolerance for men and women. A simple model of individual portfolio choice is calibrated to data on Individual Retirement Accounts from the Health and Retirement Study to obtain the estimates. Results show that women tend to be less risk-tolerant than men. The estimates are then used to measure the impact of risk tolerance on wealth accumulation. Simulations show that the difference in risk tolerance can account for around 10% of the gender difference in accumulated wealth." ("JEL" J16, G11, D81) Copyright (c) 2009 Western Economic Association International.

Suggested Citation

  • Urvi Neelakantan, 2010. "Estimation And Impact Of Gender Differences In Risk Tolerance," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 48(1), pages 228-233, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecinqu:v:48:y:2010:i:1:p:228-233
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:mes:jeciss:v:35:y:2001:i:2:p:345-356 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Dwyer, Peggy D. & Gilkeson, James H. & List, John A., 2002. "Gender differences in revealed risk taking: evidence from mutual fund investors," Economics Letters, Elsevier, pages 151-158.
    3. Kimball, Miles S & Sahm, Claudia R & Shapiro, Matthew D, 2008. "Imputing Risk Tolerance From Survey Responses," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 103(483), pages 1028-1038.
    4. Paul A. Samuelson, 2011. "Lifetime Portfolio Selection by Dynamic Stochastic Programming," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: THE KELLY CAPITAL GROWTH INVESTMENT CRITERION THEORY and PRACTICE, chapter 31, pages 465-472 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Edward N. Wolff, 1998. "Recent Trends in the Size Distribution of Household Wealth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(3), pages 131-150, Summer.
    6. Robert B. Barsky & F. Thomas Juster & Miles S. Kimball & Matthew D. Shapiro, 1997. "Preference Parameters and Behavioral Heterogeneity: An Experimental Approach in the Health and Retirement Study," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(2), pages 537-579.
    7. Merton, Robert C, 1969. "Lifetime Portfolio Selection under Uncertainty: The Continuous-Time Case," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(3), pages 247-257, August.
    8. Jianakoplos, Nancy Ammon & Bernasek, Alexandra, 1998. "Are Women More Risk Averse?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(4), pages 620-630, October.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul McGuinness & Kevin Lam & João Vieito, 2015. "Gender and other major board characteristics in China: Explaining corporate dividend policy and governance," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 32(4), pages 989-1038, December.
    2. Cooper, W.W. & Kingyens, Angela T. & Paradi, Joseph C., 2014. "Two-stage financial risk tolerance assessment using data envelopment analysis," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 233(1), pages 273-280.
    3. Swarn Chatterjee, 2016. "Reverse Mortgage Participation in the United States: Evidence from a National Study," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(1), pages 1-10, March.
    4. repec:eee:joepsy:v:61:y:2017:i:c:p:191-202 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:hapoch:v1_865 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Frick, Bernd, 2011. "Gender differences in competitiveness: Empirical evidence from professional distance running," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 389-398, June.
    7. Raval, Vishvesh & Vyas, Khyati, 2013. "Financial freedom experience of Indian Male and Female Executives," MPRA Paper 49460, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Faruk Balli & F.M. Pericoli & E. Pierucci, 2015. "Channels of risk-sharing at a micro level: savings, investments and the risk aversion heterogeneity," CAMA Working Papers 2015-01, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    9. Jan Hanousek & Anastasiya Shamshur & Jiri Tresl, 2017. "Firm Efficiency, Foreign Ownership and CEO Gender in Corrupt Environments," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp595, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    10. Bernd Frick & Friedrich Scheel, 2013. "Gender differences in competitiveness: empirical evidence from 100m races," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Women in Sports, chapter 14, pages 293-318 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    11. Liana Holanda N. Nobre & John E. Grable & Wesley Vieira da Silva & Claudimar Pereira da Veiga, 2016. "A Cross Cultural Test of Financial Risk Tolerance Attitudes: Brazilian and American Similarities and Differences," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(1), pages 314-322.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty

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