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Formes institutionnelles, rationalité axiologique et conventions

  • Bernard Enjolras
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    Pour la théorie des co�ts de transaction la firme est préférée au marché lorsque les co�ts de transaction sont élevés. Si de ce point de vue le marché et la hiérarchie constituent deux formes institutionnelles alternatives de coordination des activités, il reste à expliquer pourquoi certaines organisations prennent la forme lucrative tandis que d'autres prennent la forme non lucrative ou publique. Les explications en termes de co�ts de transaction et d'échecs du marché ont en commun de reposer sur une hypothèse de comportement, celle de l'acteur rationnel et égoïste. Or le comportement des acteurs ne peut se réduire à la rationalité instrumentale. L'objectif de cet article n'est pas de dénier la pertinence des approches traditionnelles en termes d'échecs du marché mais d'en limiter le champ d'application. La thèse qui est développée ici est qu'il existe un certain nombre d'activités qui n'ont pas une finalité instrumentale ou économique mais axiologique, bien que comportant une dimension économique, dont la mise en oeuvre requiert des formes institutionnelles et des structures de gouvernance qui sont adaptées à leurs finalités. Pour ces activités, le marché est en échec parce que la rationalité de ces activités lui est étrangère. Les formes non lucratives et publiques offrent une structure de gouvernance adaptée à l'exercice de la rationalité axiologique. Copyright CIRIEC, 2004.

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    Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics.

    Volume (Year): 75 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 595-617

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:annpce:v:75:y:2004:i:4:p:595-617
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