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The impact of efficiency on the economic growth of emerging economies: The case of Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Víctor Giménez
  • Diego Prior
  • Emili Tortosa-Ausina

    ()

Abstract

As is well established (Robinson and Acemoglu, 2012), the economic performance of countries depends on the level of quality of its institutions. Referring to the economic performance, this paper establishes the aggregate efficiency of 133 countries in the generation of GDP by using the production theory framework and considering the participation of human as well as physical capital. Additionally, it is analyzed to what extent the aggregated performance depends on the level of quality and effectiveness of the subsequent national public institutions. It is also determined whether or not the size of the public expending, and its level of efficiency, have an impact on the rate of economic growth. To conclude, the conditions to favor the public expending as a driver for economic growth are determined. After a general overview, the specific situation of Colombia is analyzed. The results confirm the importance of the quality of the institutions on the respective levels of efficiency. It is also verified how the level of efficiency is a key factor to obtain economic growth from the public spending. ****** Como está bien establecido (Robinson y Acemoglu, 2012), el desempeño económico de los países depende del nivel de calidad de sus instituciones. Con relación al desempeño económico, este artículo estima la eficiencia agregada de 133 países en la generación de producción agregada (PIB) mediante el uso del marco de referencia de la teoría de la producción y considerando la participación tanto del capital humano como el físico. Adicionalmente, se analiza hasta qué punto el desempeño agregado depende del nivel de calidad y efectividad de las subsecuentes instituciones públicas nacionales. Se establece además si el tamaño del gasto público, y su nivel de eficiencia, tienen o no un impacto en la tasa de crecimiento económico. Para finalizar, se determinan las condiciones que favorecen el gasto público como fuerza impulsora del crecimiento económico. Después de ofrecer una visión general, se analiza el caso colombiano. Los resultados confirman la importancia de la calidad de las institucines sobre los niveles de eficiencia respectivos. Se verifica además cómo el nivel de eficiencia es un factor fundamental para conseguir crecimiento económico a partir del gasto público.

Suggested Citation

  • Víctor Giménez & Diego Prior & Emili Tortosa-Ausina, 2018. "The impact of efficiency on the economic growth of emerging economies: The case of Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 36(85), pages 86-100, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:36:y:2018:i:85:p:86-100
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    aggregate performance; economic growth; quality of institutions; stochastic frontier analysis; desempeño económico agregado; crecimiento económico; calidad de las instituciones; análisis de frontera estocástica;

    JEL classification:

    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth

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