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Analysis of the Inequality on Inter-regional and Inter-time Income Distribution in Indonesia


  • Tri Wahyuningsih*

    (Economic Faculty, University of Iqra Buru, Maluku, Indonesia)

  • Mohammad Bugis

    (Economic Faculty, Pattimura University, Maluku, Indonesia)

  • Saidna Zulfiqar Bin-Tahir

    (Education Department, University of Iqra Buru, Maluku, Indonesia)


This study aimed at measuring the level of inequality income distribution and its development in Indonesia. It employed the quantitative method by selecting data from the statistic center of Indonesia purposively. The data have been analyzed using path analysis. The results yield the following conclusions: First, the inequality of income distribution between islands in Indonesia is classified as medium and high inequality. The highest inequality in income distribution is in Java, while the lowest income distribution inequality is in Kalimantan; Second, provinces with lower levels of inequality in income distribution in Indonesia are the provinces of Riau, Jambi, Bengkulu, Lampung, West Java, Banten, Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and West Papua. Provinces with increasing inequality in income distribution are South Sumatra Province, DKI Jakarta, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, and North Maluku; Third, Sulawesi is the island with the highest level of income distribution inequality in rural and urban areas, while in Java, it has the highest level of distribution inequality in urban areas. Maluku and Papua are the islands with the highest level of distribution inequality in rural areas but they have a low level of inequality in urban areas. Besides, the island of Kalimantan also has a level of inequality of low-income distribution in rural areas. There is a significant difference in the Gini index between urban and rural areas in Indonesia, where urban areas have a high level of distribution inequality compared to rural areas; Fourth, there are significant Gini index differences before regional autonomy and after regional autonomy in Indonesia, where high-income disparities occurred after regional autonomy compared to the era before regional autonomy.

Suggested Citation

  • Tri Wahyuningsih* & Mohammad Bugis & Saidna Zulfiqar Bin-Tahir, 2019. "Analysis of the Inequality on Inter-regional and Inter-time Income Distribution in Indonesia," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 5(1), pages 1-8, 01-2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:arp:tjssrr:2019:p:1-8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Adelman, Irma & Robinson, Sherman, 1989. "Income distribution and development," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 19, pages 949-1003, Elsevier.
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    2. , Uniqbu, 2022. "The Role Of The Village Government In Supporting Corn Farming Community Income," OSF Preprints xa5yr, Center for Open Science.

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