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From Fearful To Trustful – How Perceived Risk Dimensions In E-Commerce Differentiate Between Consumers

Author

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  • Patricea Elena BERTEA

    () (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, 11 Carol I Blvd, Iasi, Romania)

Abstract

The need to segment the market for e-commerce in terms of risk is without doubt of great importance, from a theoretical, but mainly from a managerial point of view. This is why the present study derives a typology of consumers based on six dimensions of perceived risk in online shopping (product, financial, delivery, privacy, social and psychological) and links the resulting risk profiles to several outcome variables. The study is one of the few that offers a new perspective on perceived risk, identifying a two-factor structure: situational risk and individual risk. These two factors were used in a cluster analysis, where four segments were identified: careful consumers, fearful consumers, suspicious consumers and trustful consumers. To offer valuable information for practitioners, these segments are compared in terms of intentions to buy online, online shopping frequency, trust in e-commerce, perceived ease of use, and perceived usefulness of e-commerce.One interesting finding is that suspicious and trustful consumers do not differ in terms of buying intention, even though the difference between them in terms of perceived risk is significant. Implications and further research directions are identified.

Suggested Citation

  • Patricea Elena BERTEA, 2015. "From Fearful To Trustful – How Perceived Risk Dimensions In E-Commerce Differentiate Between Consumers," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 15, pages 45-54, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:aic:revebs:y:2015:j:15:berteap
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Forsythe, Sandra M. & Shi, Bo, 2003. "Consumer patronage and risk perceptions in Internet shopping," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 56(11), pages 867-875, November.
    2. Bhatnagar, Amit & Ghose, Sanjoy, 2004. "Segmenting consumers based on the benefits and risks of Internet shopping," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 57(12), pages 1352-1360, December.
    3. Garbarino, Ellen & Strahilevitz, Michal, 2004. "Gender differences in the perceived risk of buying online and the effects of receiving a site recommendation," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 57(7), pages 768-775, July.
    4. Lili Zheng & M. Favier & M. Huang & F. Coat, 2012. "Chinese consumer perceived risk and risk relievers," Post-Print halshs-00740542, HAL.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    perceived risk; online buying intention; risk profiles; segmentation;

    JEL classification:

    • M3 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Marketing and Advertising

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