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Are Countries of Association of South East Asia Nations (ASEAN) Candidates of Optimum Currency Area for Monetary Union? A Structural VAR Approach


  • Sin, Lew Yuen
  • Asam Tuan Lorik, Ku


Intra-trade among ASEAN countries have remained around 20% over the period 1993 until 2001 (ASEAN Secretariat). With this significant amount of trade being conducted between members of ASEAN countries, businesses were faced with exchange rate exposure due to the volatility of the exchange rate within the regions as was experienced during the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997-98. Members of the European Union overcome this exchange rate exposure by agreeing to form a monetary union and adopting Euro as their common currency in 1999. This paper examines the feasibility of a Optimum Currency Area (OCA) for ASEAN 9 to adopt a common currency, especially after the 1997-98 Asian Financial Crisis. Using macro-economic data for 9 ASEAN countries over the 15 years period (1990–2004), the paper addresses whether an OCA would be well suited for these countries, following the trails of Euro formation.

Suggested Citation

  • Sin, Lew Yuen & Asam Tuan Lorik, Ku, 2006. "Are Countries of Association of South East Asia Nations (ASEAN) Candidates of Optimum Currency Area for Monetary Union? A Structural VAR Approach," Review of Applied Economics, Review of Applied Economics, vol. 2(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:reapec:50151

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charles Wyplosz, 2001. "A Monetary Union in Asia? Some European Lessons," RBA Annual Conference Volume,in: David Gruen & John Simon (ed.), Future Directions for Monetary Policies in East Asia Reserve Bank of Australia.
    2. Arief Ramayandi, 2005. "ASEAN Monetary Cooperation : Issues and Prospects," Finance Working Papers 22028, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    3. Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann, 1999. "Exchange rates and financial fragility," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 329-368.
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    More about this item


    monetary union; optimum currency area; SVAR; Financial Economics; E52; F31; F36;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration


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