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Production Contracts, Risk Shifting, And Relative Performance Payments In The Pork Industry

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  • Martin, Laura L.

Abstract

Actual performance records of production contract farmers are used to assess the extent to which contract production reduces the risk borne by pork producers. Comparisons of contracting relative to independent market production reveal that farmers who enter into production contracts based on absolute performance measures reduce risks associated with variable income. Weak evidence is found that relative performance contracts, similar to those used in the broiler chicken industry, further reduce income variability. The effectiveness of such relative performance contracts will rely on several factors; among these are increased contract production and a more uniform pork production and processing system.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin, Laura L., 1997. "Production Contracts, Risk Shifting, And Relative Performance Payments In The Pork Industry," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 29(02), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:15048
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15048
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Johnson, C. Scott & Foster, Kenneth A., 1994. "Risk Preferences And Contracting In The U.S. Hog Industry," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 26(02), December.
    2. Kliebenstein, James, 1992. "Evaluation of Pork Production Contracts," ISU General Staff Papers 199207010700001241, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wainaina, Priscilla W. & Okello, Julius J. & Nzuma, Jonathan M., 0. "Blessing or Evil? Contract Farming, Smallholder Poultry Production and Household Welfare in Kenya," Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, vol. 53.
    2. Poray, Michael C. & Gray, Allan W. & Boehlje, Michael & Preckel, Paul V., 2003. "Evaluation of Alternative Coordination Systems Between Producers and Packers in the Pork Value Chain," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 6(02).
    3. Dubois, Pierre & Vukina, Tomislav, 2009. "Optimal incentives under moral hazard and heterogeneous agents: Evidence from production contracts data," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 489-500, July.
    4. Preckel, Paul V. & Boehlje, Michael & Gray, Allan W. & Kim, Sounghun, 2004. "Vertically Aligned Vs. Open Market Coordination: Dominance Or Co-Existence?," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20099, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    5. Rachael Goodhue & Leo Simon, 2016. "Agricultural contracts, adverse selection, and multiple inputs," Agricultural and Food Economics, Springer;Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-33, December.
    6. Hudson, Darren, 2001. "Cross-Commodity Perspective On Contracting: Evidence From Mississippi," Research reports 15800, Mississippi State University, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    7. McBride, William D. & Key, Nigel D., 2001. "Factors Affecting Contractor And Grower Success In Hog Contracting," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20552, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    8. Martinez, Stephen W., 2000. "Price and Quality of Pork and Broiler Products: What's the Role of Vertical Coordination?," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33759, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    9. Skully, David W., 1998. "Opposition To Contract Production: Self-Selection, Status, And Stranded Assets," 1998 Annual meeting, August 2-5, Salt Lake City, UT 21012, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    10. Hueth, Brent & Ligon, Ethan & Dimitri, Carolyn, 2007. "AJAE Appendix: Agricultural Contracts: Data and Research Needs," American Journal of Agricultural Economics Appendices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 89(5), December.
    11. Volpe, Richard J., III, 2006. "Exploring the Potential Effects of Organic Production on Contracting in American Agribusiness," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21086, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    12. Robison, Lindon J. & Schmid, A. Allan & Barry, Peter J., 2002. "The Role of Social Capital in the Industrialization of the Food System," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 31(1), April.
    13. Martinez, Stephen W., 2002. "Vertical Coordination Of Marketing Systems: Lessons From The Poultry, Egg, And Pork Industries," Agricultural Economics Reports 34051, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    14. Mussell, Al & Mayer, Holly & Martin, Larry J. & Grier, Kevin & Westgren, Randall E., 2003. "PRICE DISCOVERY MECHANISMS AND ALTERNATIVES FOR CANADIAN AGRICULTURE; Part I: A Review of Pricing Mechanisms in Agriculture," Miscellaneous Publications 18121, George Morris Center.
    15. repec:kap:jincot:v:18:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10842-017-0247-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Jaenicke, Edward C. & Shields, Martin & Kelsey, Timothy W., 2007. "Food Processors’ Use of Contracts to Purchase Agricultural Inputs: Evidence from a Pennsylvania Survey," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 36(2), October.
    17. Jaenicke, Edward C. & Wang, Yanguo, 2004. "Simulating The Impacts Of Contract Supplies In A Spot Market-Contract Market Equilibrium Setting," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20313, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    18. Hu, Wu-Yueh & Vukina, Tomislav & Zheng, Viaoyong, 2014. "The Role of Risk and Risk-Aversion in Adoption of Alternative Marketing Arrangements by the U.S. Farmers," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 168930, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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