An Economic Analysis of Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Consumption: Implications for Overweight and Obesity among Higher- and Lower-Income Consumers
This paper examines the consumption patterns of higher- and lower-income consumers for fresh fruit and vegetables. Supermarket scanner data are obtained for every fresh fruit and vegetable sold in six supermarkets over 69 weeks during 2001 and 2002. These data are collected from three inner-city stores (lower income) and three suburban stores (higher income) in Columbus, Ohio. These data are segmented into eight sub-categories of fruit and six sub-categories of vegetables. An error correction model consisting of 14 equations is specifi ed and estimated using the time series cross-section regression procedure in SAS. Results show lower-income consumers to be more price-sensitive and more careful shoppers, as compared to higher-income shoppers. Lower-income shoppers are shown to make larger purchases from the lower-priced sub-categories of fruit and vegetables and they invariably pay lower prices. These purchase patterns suggest that income constrains the purchase behavior of lower-income consumers and, if higher consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is critical to alleviating overweight and obesity among lower-income Americans, the analyses suggest a need for some type of market intervention to make fresh fruits and vegetables more affordable (e.g., price subsidies).
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Reed, Jane & Frazao, Elizabeth & Itskowitz, Rachel, 2004.
"How Much Do Americans Pay for Fruits and Vegetables?,"
Agricultural Information Bulletins
33653, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
- Reed, Jane & Frazao, Elizabeth & Itskowitz, Rachel, 2004. "How Much Do Americans Pay for Fruits and Vegetables?," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33691, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:jlofdr:139052. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.