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Potentials Of Egypt Agricultural Bilateral Trade With The Arab Countries: Gravity Model Evidence

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  • Said, Mohamed Ahmed
  • Shelaby, Ayman Abd-Alkawy

Abstract

The paper aims at evaluating the determinants of agricultural bilateral trade flows of Egypt with the Arab countries. A gravity model has been used in addition to some other indicators such as relative importance of intra-trade, tendency to export and import, and degree of openness. Two models have been estimated; one is for the Egyptian agricultural exports and the other is for the imports. The biggest Arab partners who represent the majority of the Egyptian bilateral trade are; KSA, Syria, Libya, Sudan, Jordan, UAE, Kuwait, Lebanon, and Iraq. The main features of the gravity model have been introduced well. The gross domestic product has a positive impact on both agricultural exports and imports, and the distance between Egypt and the target countries has a negative impact. Both factors are statistically significant. It's recommended that Egypt encourage foreign investment within the agriculture sector and maintain the road transportation with Arab countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Said, Mohamed Ahmed & Shelaby, Ayman Abd-Alkawy, 1. "Potentials Of Egypt Agricultural Bilateral Trade With The Arab Countries: Gravity Model Evidence," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 2(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ijfaec:163715
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2003. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(1), pages 170-192, March.
    2. World Bank, 2011. "World Development Indicators 2011," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2315.
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