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Clusters Models, Factors and Characteristics


  • Catalin Boja

    () (Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies)


The industrial cluster concept has become a subject of intense research studies and economic analysis starting with the study conducted by Michael E. Porter regarding the competitive advantage of nations. This concept is an economic phenomenon that is placed in a competitive context in which many businesses simultaneously compete and collaborate to gain different economic advantages. The economic advantages of successful real economic clusters has proves an important reason for the increased attention that this economic model has received from the scientific community and the governmental structures. Despite the advances in cluster research, its model remains a complex one and something that it‘s hard to reproduce in a real economic environment. The paper highlights typologies of clusters, models of determinant factors and its characteristics by doing a survey of the cluster literature. The research is conducted starting with the analysis of the cluster concept, based on different accepted descriptions. From this point there are summarized the main characteristics and are described models of cluster determinants. The objective of the paper is to highlight the importance and advantages of clusters but also the complexity of the cluster model mainly because of its complex determinant factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Catalin Boja, 2011. "Clusters Models, Factors and Characteristics," International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 1(1), pages 34-43, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:aes:ijeptp:v:1:y:2011:i:1:p:34-43

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael E. Porter, 2000. "Location, Competition, and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 14(1), pages 15-34, February.
    2. Baptista, Rui & Swann, Peter, 1998. "Do firms in clusters innovate more?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 525-540, September.
    3. Gerald A. Carlino, 2001. "Knowledge spillovers: cities' role in the new economy," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Q4, pages 17-26.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wawan Dhewanto & Rendra Chaerudin & Donald Lantu & Sri Herliana & Evy Rachmawati, 2015. "Diamond Model Development of ICT Industry Clusters in a Developing Country," Journal of Business & Management (COES&RJ-JBM), , vol. 3(2), pages 348-355, April.
    2. Marian DARDALA & Adriana REVEIU, 2013. "Using Raster Based Solutions to Identify Spatial Economic Agglomerations," Informatica Economica, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 17(1), pages 131-143.
    3. repec:eur:ejesjr:88 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Anastasiia Konstantynova & James R. Wilson, 2014. "Comparing Cluster Policies: An Analytical Framework," Working Papers 2014R01, Orkestra - Basque Institute of Competitiveness.
    5. Adel Ben Youssef & Nawsheen Elaheebocus & Hatem M'Henni & Ludovic Ragni, 2012. "Are Technoparks High Tech Fantasies? Lessons from the Tunisian Experience," Post-Print halshs-01068253, HAL.
    6. Alina Filip & Lelia Voinea, 2012. "Understanding the Processes of Customer Acquisition, Customer Retention and Customer Relationship Development," International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 2(2), pages 62-67, April.

    More about this item


    Cluster; characteristic; model; regional development;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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