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The Stories We Tell: A Reconsideration of AS/AD Analysis

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  • David Colander

Abstract

This paper explains that the AS/AD model as currently presented in the tests is seriously flawed. It does not fulfill the minimum requirement of a model: logical consistency. Its component parts are derived from models that reflect different, and inconsistent, models of the economy. Moreover, the appropriate disequilibrium adjustment story that appropriately accompanies it is inconsistent with observed reality. In this alternative model, Keynesian adjustment occurs through shifting AS/AD curves along institutionally determined price level vectors rather than through movements along the AS/AD curves.

Suggested Citation

  • David Colander, 1995. "The Stories We Tell: A Reconsideration of AS/AD Analysis," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 169-188, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:jecper:v:9:y:1995:i:3:p:169-88
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/jep.9.3.169
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    File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/jep.9.3.169
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert J. Barro, 1994. "The Aggregate-Supply/Aggregate-Demand Model," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 1-6, Winter.
    2. Robert W. Clower, 1994. "The Effective Demand Fraud," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 20(4), pages 377-385, Fall.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gillman, Max, 2012. "AS-AD in the Standard Dynamic Neoclassical Model: Business Cycles and Growth Trends," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2012/12, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
    2. Max Gillman, 2013. "Lost in Translation: Unified Consumption Theory, Dynamic AS-AD, and Business Cycles," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1305, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    3. W. Doyle Smith, 2002. "Applying Angelo's Teacher's Dozen to Undergraduate Introductory Economics Classes: A Call for Greater Interactive Learning," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 539-549, Fall.
    4. Richard G. Lipsey, 2010. "The Aggregate Demand Aggregate Supply Diagram," Chapters,in: Famous Figures and Diagrams in Economics, chapter 49 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Grieve, Roy H, 2014. "'Right Back Where We Started From': From 'The Classics' To Keynes, And Back Again," SIRE Discussion Papers 2014-001, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    6. Spahn, Peter, 2013. "Macroeconomic stabilisation and bank lending: A simple workhorse model," FZID Discussion Papers 76-2013, University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID).
    7. Ryan R. Brady & Derek Stimel & Steven Sumner, 2014. "The Rise of the Housing-Wealth Effect: Counterfactual Impulse Response Analysis," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 4, pages 1-17, November.
    8. Colander, David & Rothschild, Casey, 2010. "Sins of the Sons of Samuelson: Vision, pedagogy, and the zig-zag windings of complex dynamics," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 277-290, June.
    9. Bofinger, Peter & Mayer, Eric & Wollmershäuser, Timo, 2002. "The BMW model: simple macroeconomics for closed and open economies a requiem for the IS/LM-AS/AD and the Mundell-Fleming model," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 35, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.
    10. Alfonso Palacio Vera, 2003. "Capital accumulation, technical progress and wage flexibility: Keynes´approach to aggregate supply and demand analysis revisited," Documentos de trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales 03-12, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales.
    11. A. Bhaduri & K. Laski & M. Riese, 1999. "Effective demand versus profit maximization in aggregate demand/supply analysis: a dynamic perspective," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 52(210), pages 281-293.
    12. Pedro de Araujo & Roisin O’Sullivan & Nicole B. Simpson, 2013. "What Should be Taught in Intermediate Macroeconomics?," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(1), pages 74-90, March.
    13. Amitava K. Dutt & Peter Skott, 2005. "Keynesian Theory and the AD-AS Framework: A Reconsideration," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2005-11, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
    14. Max Gillman, 2002. "Keynes's Treatise : aggregate price theory for modern analysis?," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 430-451.
    15. Daniel B. Klein & Pedro Romero, 2007. "Model Building versus Theorizing: The Paucity of Theory in the _Journal of Economic Theory_," Econ Journal Watch, Econ Journal Watch, vol. 4(2), pages 241-271, May.
    16. Bofinger, Peter & Mayer, Eric & Wollmershäuser, Timo & Hülsewig, Oliver, 2003. "The BMW model: A new framework for teaching monetary macroeconomics in closed and open economies," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 34, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.
    17. Pavel S. Kapinos, 2010. "A New Keynesian Workbook," International Review of Economic Education, Economics Network, University of Bristol, vol. 9(1), pages 111-123.
    18. Paul Turner, 2006. "Teaching Undergraduate Macroeconomics with the Taylor-Romer Model," International Review of Economic Education, Economics Network, University of Bristol, vol. 5(1), pages 73-82.
    19. Rao, B. Bhaskara, 1993. "The nature of transactions in the U.S. aggregate goods market," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 385-390.
    20. Roy H Grieve, 2014. "‘Right Back Where We Started From’: from ‘the Classics’ to Keynes, and back again," Working Papers 1401, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.

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    JEL classification:

    • A22 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - Undergraduate

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