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Converting Resources from Military to Non-military Uses

Author

Listed:
  • Jurgen Brauer
  • John Tepper Marlin

Abstract

As a proportion of gross national product, U.S. military spending has declined steadily since the mid-1980s. The end of the Cold War has given rise to calls for even more cuts in military spending. In early 1992, President George Bush proposed to reduce military spending by 3 percent per year, in real dollars, for the next five years. The Democratic leadership in the House of Representatives countered with a plan calling for substantially deeper cuts. Any substantial changes in military expenditures imply a "conversion" of physical and human resources from military to nonmilitary uses. This article will focus on some distinctive characteristics of the U.S. military sector and on some adjustment costs that reduced military spending are likely to impose on military industries, occupations, regions, and communities.

Suggested Citation

  • Jurgen Brauer & John Tepper Marlin, 1992. "Converting Resources from Military to Non-military Uses," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 145-164, Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:jecper:v:6:y:1992:i:4:p:145-64
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/jep.6.4.145
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    File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/jep.6.4.145
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fanny Coulomb & Jacques Fontanel, 2003. "Disarmament: A century of economic thought," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 193-208.
    2. repec:zbw:rwirep:0181 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Alfredo Paloyo & Colin Vance & Matthias Vorell, 2014. "Local determinants of crime," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 31(21), pages 625-658, September.
    4. repec:epc:journl:v:12:y:2017:i:2:p:21-31 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Paloyo, Alfredo R. & Vance, Colin & Vorell, Matthias, 2010. "Local Determinants of Crime: Do Military Bases Matter?," Ruhr Economic Papers 211, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    6. Alfredo Paloyo & Colin Vance & Matthias Vorell, 2010. "The Regional Economic Effects Of Military Base Realignments And Closures In Germany," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(5-6), pages 567-579.
    7. Alfredo R. Paloyo & Colin Vance & Matthias Vorell, 2010. "The Regional Economic Effects of Military Base Realignments and Closures in Germany," Ruhr Economic Papers 0181, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    8. Alfredo R. Paloyo & Colin Vance & Matthias Vorell, 2010. "Local Determinants of Crime: Do Military Bases Matter?," Ruhr Economic Papers 0211, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    9. Dietrich Fischer & Jurgen Brauer, 2003. "Twenty questions for peace economics: A research agenda," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 223-236.
    10. repec:zbw:rwirep:0211 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Amara, Jomana, 2008. "Military industrialization and economic development: Jordan's defense industry," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 130-145.
    12. Jan Peter aus dem Moore & Alexandra Spitz-Oener, 2012. "Bye Bye, G.I. - The Impact of the U.S. Military Drawdown on Local German Labor Markets," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-024, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    13. Alfredo Paloyo & Colin Vance & Matthias Vorell, 2011. "The regional effects of military base realignments and closures," ERSA conference papers ersa10p840, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Jaideep Anand, 2004. "Redeployment of corporate resources: A study of acquisition strategies in the US defense industries, 1978-1996," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(6-7), pages 383-400.
    15. repec:bpj:pepspp:v:23:y:2017:i:2:p:14:n:5 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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