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Moving to Job Opportunities? The Effect of "Ban the Box" on the Composition of Cities

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  • Jennifer L. Doleac
  • Benjamin Hansen

Abstract

Jurisdictions across the United States have adopted "ban the box" (BTB) policies preventing employers from conducting criminal background checks until late in the job application process. Their primary goal is to increase employment for those with criminal records. If individuals with criminal records view these policies as improving their labor market opportunities, they might move to BTB-adopting places in search of employment. In this paper, we consider BTB's effects on the demographic composition of labor markets and the likelihood that residents report recently moving from other labor markets. We find no evidence that BTB affects migration.

Suggested Citation

  • Jennifer L. Doleac & Benjamin Hansen, 2017. "Moving to Job Opportunities? The Effect of "Ban the Box" on the Composition of Cities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(5), pages 556-559, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:107:y:2017:i:5:p:556-59
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20171002
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    Cited by:

    1. Krista Ruffini & Aaron Sojourner & Abigail Wozniak, 2021. "Who'S In And Who'S Out Under Workplace Covid Symptom Screening?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 40(2), pages 614-641, March.
    2. Churchill, Brandyn F. & Dickinson, Andrew & Mackay, Taylor & Sabia, Joseph J., 2019. "The Effect of E-Verify Laws on Crime," IZA Discussion Papers 12798, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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