Recycling of eco-taxes, labor market effects and the true cost of labor: a CGE analysis
AbstractComputable general equilibrium (CGE) modeling has provided a number of important insights about the interplay between environmental tax policy and the pre-existing tax system. In this paper, we emphasize that a labor market policy of recycling tax revenues from an environmental tax to lower employers? non-wage labor cost depends on how the costs of labor are modeled. We propose an approach which combines neoclassical substitutability and fixed factor proportions. Our concept implies a user cost of labor which consists of the market price of labor plus the costs of inputs associated with the employment of a worker. We present simulation results based on a CO2 tax and the recycling of its revenues to reduce the nonwage labor cost. One simulation is based on the market price of labor and the other on the user cost of labor. We found a double dividend under the first approach but not under the second one. --
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 02-31.
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Market-based environmental policy; carbon taxes; double dividend; computable general equilibrium modeling;
Other versions of this item:
- Klaus Conrad & Andreas Löschel, 2005. "Recycling of eco-taxes, labor market Effects and the true cost of labor - A CGE analysis," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 259-278, November.
- D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
- J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
- Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
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