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Le double dividende. Les approches théoriques

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  • Mireille Chiroleu-Assouline

Abstract

[fre] La notion de double dividende se réfère au cas où l'instauration d'une taxe environnementale, à recettes budgétaires inchangées pour l'Etat, fait apparaître à la fois un bénéfice environnemental et un bénéfice de nature économique. Les premières études théoriques, en équilibre général, réfutaient cette hypothèse de double dividende et montraient qu'au contraire, les taxes environnementales exacerbent, plutôt qu'elles n'allègent, les distorsions fiscales préexistantes. Cependant, le rôle essentiel joué dans ces résultats par l'élasticité non compensée de l'offre de travail au pouvoir d'achat du salaire met l'accent sur les hypothèses fondamentales de ces études, à savoir la concurrence pure et parfaite et l'équilibre sur le marché du travail. Les imperfections de concurrence ainsi que l'existence de chômage involontaire rendent plus probable l'occurrence d'un double dividende au sens fort, de même que la prise en compte du rôle de la qualité de l'environnement dans les comportements des ménages ou dans la structure productive. [eng] One speaks about double dividend when the revenue neutral substitution of environmental taxes for other taxes leads to both an environmental benefit and an economic one. The first theoretical studies of this question, in a general equilibrium framework, argue that there is no secondary benefit in the sense of a reduction in tax distorsions. However, there are cases in which positive welfare gains can be obtained : when the environmental tax reform involves a tax shirting from labor to other factors or when there are feedbacks effects from environmental quality to the economic system. When studying this issue under the assumptions of imperfect competition and non clearing labour market, the occurrence of a double dividend becomes more likely.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.2001.1510
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 16 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 119-147

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2001_num_16_2_1510

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2001.1510
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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Cited by:
  1. Séverine BLAISE, 2011. "L'après Kyoto : quelle approche face au changement climatique ?," Mondes en développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(2), pages 103-120.
  2. Henri Sterdyniak, 2003. "Les réformes fiscales en Europe, 1992-2002," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5283, Sciences Po.
  3. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00866410 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Jean-Paul Fitoussi & Éloi Laurent & Jacques Le Cacheux, 2007. "La stratégie environnementale de l'Union européenne," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 381-413.
  5. Sonia Schwartz, 2009. "Comment distribuer les quotas de pollution ?. Une revue de la littérature," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(4), pages 535-568.
  6. Mireille Chiroleu-Assouline & Mouez Fodha, 2011. "Verdissement de la fiscalité. À qui profite le double dividende ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 409-431.
  7. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00866409 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. repec:hal:ciredw:hal-00866409 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Mouez Fodha, 2009. "Protection mixte de l'environnement et externalités intergénérationnelles," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(3), pages 843-852.
  10. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/2138 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Fuentes Castro, D., 2012. "Funding for green growth," Working papers 392, Banque de France.
  12. repec:hal:ciredw:hal-00866410 is not listed on IDEAS

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