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Values and labor force participation in the Nordic countries

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  • Hall, Axel
  • Zoega, Gylfi
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    Abstract

    The Nordic countries are known for their success in combining an extensive welfare state with high labor force participation. This is explained by the origins of their welfare states that can be traced to a unique set of values and beliefs that emphasize the right of women to participate in the labor market. These values are currently shared by individuals born in other European countries of Nordic parents. Some possible causal explanations are proposed. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Economics Discussion Papers with number 2014-11.

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    Date of creation: 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwedp:201411

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    Keywords: employment; taxes; values; beliefs;

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    1. Alesina, Alberto F & Giuliano, Paola & Nunn, Nathan, 2011. "On the origins of gender roles: women and the plough," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8418, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Raquel Fernandez & Alessandra Fogli, 2005. "Culture: An Empirical Investigation of Beliefs, Work, and Fertility," NBER Working Papers 11268, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Vella, Francis, 1994. "Gender Roles and Human Capital Investment: The Relationship between Traditional Attitudes and Female Labour Market Performance," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 61(242), pages 191-211, May.
    4. Richard Rogerson, 2007. "Taxation and market work: is Scandinavia an outlier?," Economic Theory, Springer, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 59-85, July.
    5. Antecol, Heather, 2000. "An examination of cross-country differences in the gender gap in labor force participation rates," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 409-426, July.
    6. Guiso, Luigi & Sapienza, Paola & Zingales, Luigi, 2003. "People's opium? Religion and economic attitudes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 225-282, January.
    7. Greif, Avner, 1994. "Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(5), pages 912-50, October.
    8. Reimers, Cordelia W, 1985. "Cultural Differences in Labor Force Participation among Married Women," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 251-55, May.
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