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Das Gründungsverhalten Älterer: Eine empirische Analyse mit den Daten des Gründerpanels des IfM Bonn

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  • Werner, Arndt
  • Faulenbach, Nicole
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    Abstract

    Die Bevölkerung in Deutschland wird, wie in nahezu allen anderen Industrienationen, in den nächsten Jahrzehnten erheblich altern und zahlenmäßig schrumpfen. Diese als demografischer Wandel bezeichnete Entwicklung wird auch Auswirkungen auf das zukünftige Gründungsgeschehen haben. Denn die gründungsschwache Altersgruppe der über 45-Jährigen nimmt immer weiter zu, bei gleichzeitiger Abnahme der gegenwärtig gründungsstarken jüngeren Altersklassen. Mehrere Studien schätzen, dass der demografisch bedingte Rückgang der Gründungszahlen bis zum Jahr 2050 bis zu knapp 30 % betragen könnte. Ob dieser Rückgang tatsächlich eintreten wird, hängt allerdings entscheidend davon ab, wie sich das altersspezifische Gründungsverhalten in den kommenden Dekaden entwickeln wird. Um diese Fragen beantworten zu können, ist zunächst jedoch mehr Wissen über die aktuellen altersspezifischen Gründungsdeterminanten notwendig. Mit der Analyse solcher altersspezifischen Gründungsdeterminanten hat sich die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt. Die Ergebnisse belegen, dass sich jüngere und ältere Gründer stark unterscheiden. Die Ergebnisse liefern allerdings auch erste Hinweise, wie das Gründungsverhalten der Älteren beeinflusst werden kann. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn in its series IfM-Materialien with number 184.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:184

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    Web page: http://www.ifm-bonn.org/
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    1. Theuer, Sebastian & Gottschalk, Sandra, 2008. "Die Auswirkungen des demografischen Wandels auf das Gründungsgeschehen in Deutschland," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-032, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    7. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Der Noth gehorchend, nicht dem eignen Trieb Nascent Necessity and Opportunity Entrepreneurs in Germany Evidence from the Regional Entrepreneurship Monitor (REM)," Working Paper Series in Economics 10, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    8. Werner Bönte & Oliver Falck & Stephan Heblich, 2007. "Demography and Innovative Entrepreneurship," CESifo Working Paper Series 2115, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-35, June.
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    11. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Nascent Necessity and Opportunity Entrepreneurs in Germany. Evidence from the Regional Entrepreneurship Monitor (REM)," Labor and Demography 0506004, EconWPA.
    12. Markus M. Grabka & Joachim R. Frick, 2007. "Vermögen in Deutschland wesentlich ungleicher verteilt als Einkommen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 74(45), pages 665-672.
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