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Agricultural productivity growth in the European Union and transition countries

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  • Rungsuriyawiboon, Supawat
  • Lissitsa, Alexej
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    Abstract

    Malmquist total factor productivity (TFP) index has been extensively applied in the literature to measure productivity growth decomposition. This study applies a parametric decomposition of a Generalized Malmquist TFP index to measure and compare the levels and trends in agricultural productivity in European countries, making use of the most-recent data available from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations. The aim of this study is to measure TFP developments in agriculture of transition countries after breakdown of socialism and to compare their TFP growth with other European countries. The Generalized Malmquist productivity index can be decomposed into technological change, technical efficiency change and scale efficiency change. These measures will provide insightful information for policymakers in designing proper policies to promote a higher growth rate in agriculture in transition countries. -- G E R M A N V E R S I O N: Malmquist Total Factor Productivity (TFP) Index gehört zu den meist verwendeten Methoden der Produktivitätsanalyse und ihrer Zerlegung. In diesem Paper wird ein parametrisches Verfahren eingesetzt, um die Produktivitätsentwicklungen in der europäischen Agrarwirtschaft zu analysieren. Die statistische Datenbasis basiert auf der Datenbank der Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations. Das Ziel dieses Forschungsvorhabens ist es, die Produktivitätsentwicklungen in den Agrar- und Ernährungssektoren der Transformationsländern Mittel- und Osteuropas sowie der ehemaligen Sowjetunion zu messen und diese mit dem Wachstum in der Europäischen Union zu vergleichen. Methodisch kann Malmquist Index zerlegt werden in technical change, efficiency change and scale efficiency change. Dieser Zerfall des Indexes kann wichtige Informationen für die Politikgestalter und Forscher hinsichtlich der weiteren Entwicklung des Agrarsektors in betroffenen Ländern bringen.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 94.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:14903

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    Keywords: Transition countries; Malmquist; Multifactor Productivity; agriculture; Transformation; Malmquist Index; Agrarsektor; Multifactor Productivity;

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    1. Karen Macours & Johan F. M. Swinnen, 2000. "Impact of Initial Conditions and Reform Policies on Agricultural Performance in Central and Eastern Europe, the Former Soviet Union, and East Asia," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(5), pages 1149-1155.
    2. Trzeciak-Duval, Alexandra, 1999. "A Decade of Transition in Central and Eastern European Agriculture," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 26(3), pages 283-304, August.
    3. Tim J. Coelli & Chris O'Donnell, 2003. "A Bayesian Approach To Imposing Curvature On Distance Functions," CEPA Working Papers Series WP032003, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
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